is an unavoidable process of modern engineering – civil, electrical,mechanical, automobiles, marine aeronautical – in all branches. It is used infabrications and erections in infrastructures and installations. It joins metalsor thermoplastics. Forming a pool of molten mass – the weld puddle – andallowing it to cool to become a strong joint is the basis of the process of welding. For repairing to be carried out underwater, there is a separateprocess. That is called
. If damaged ships are to berepaired, underwater welding is the basic technology to be used. It is ahighly-specialized profession – more employed in the oil or shipping industryand also in the defense operations. Underwater welding process is categorized into two divisions.
In the case of wet welding, the operation is completed under water, directlyexposed to the wet environment. For this purpose, a different type of electrode is used. The function is carried out manually. The
isallowed to have freedom of movement. Hence, wet welding is the mosteffective, efficient and economical process. The welding power and supply unit is placed on the surface and is connectedto the welder with the help of cables and hoses.
:* The expenditure is very minimal. Unlike in the case of dry welding.* The speed of the operation is extremely high.* As the equipments are very minimum, the welding can be performed ina shorter time with minimal planning.
:* The weld is quenched is very fast under water. It decreases the ductilityand impact strength an also makes the weld very porous.* The visibility of the welder is not up to the required level.* The amount of voltage that can b employed is very limited. Care has tobe taken so that the
is not harmed by probable electrical shocks.
:In case of dry welding, otherwise known as Hyperbaric welding, the wholeoperation is completed in a chamber, sealed around the structure to be