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Prošlo svršeno vrijeme - Past Simple Tense

Prošlo svršeno vrijeme - Past Simple Tense

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Published by majchy1993

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Published by: majchy1993 on Nov 09, 2009
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11/09/2009

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Da bi napravili prošlo svršeno vrijeme koristimo infinitiv i prošli oblik (preterit) glagola.- infinitiv preterit past particip pravilniglagoliwork explodelikeworkedexplodedlikedworkedexplodedlikedProšli oblik svihglagola završavana -ed.nepravilniglagoligoseesingwentsawsanggoneseensungProšli oblik nepravilnihglagola se ne tvori po nekom pravilu iuči senapamet.Past participnamnije potreban pritvorbi prošlogvremena.Tvorba prošlog svršenog vremena:a) potvrdna rečenica:subjekat + glavni glagol u prošlom obliku (preteritu)I lived in that house when I was young. (živio sam u toj kući kada sam bio mlad)She played basketball last week. (ona je igrala košarku prošle sedmice) b) odrična rečenica:subjekat + preterit od "do" + not + infinitiv glavnog glagolaHe didn't like the movie. (nije mu se dopao film)Mary did not go to work last Monday. (Mary nije otišla na posao prošlog ponedjeljka)c) upitna rečenica: preterit od "do"+ subjekat + infinitiv glavnog glagola
 
Did you play tennis last week. (je si li igrao tenis prošle sedmice)Did he watch TV last night. (je li gledao TV prošle sedmice)Glagol did (preterit od "do") u svim licima ima isti oblik.I did not go to London. (nisam bio u Londonu)You did not go to London.He did not go to London. itd.Glagol be nema u svim licima isti oblik, upitnu rečenicu pravimo zamjenom subjektai glagola.I, he, she, it was here. - Was I, he, she, it here?You were here. - were you here?Ako glagol završava na suglasnik ispred kojeg stoji kratak naglašen vokal, krajnjisamoglasnik se udvostručava: plan - plannedskip - skippedKrajnje "l" se uvijek udvostručava:level - levelledcall - calledAko glagol završava na "-y" ispred kojeg se nalazi suglasnik, taj se "y" mijenja u "i":worry - worriedcry - cried Prosto prošlo vrijeme koristimo:a) da se izrazi radnja koja se desila u prošlosti i potpuno završila pa nema nikakve veze sasadašnjošću:I was in Liverpool last year. (bio sam u Liverpulu prošle godine); b) da se izrazi radnja koja je trajala neko vrijeme u prošlosti bez ikakve veze sasadašnjošću:We went to school when we were children. (išli smo u školu kada smo bili djeca);

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