Journal of Sustainability Science and Management
PRELIMINARY STUDY ON FISH DIVERSITY OF ULU TUNGUD, MELIAU RANGE,SANDAKAN, SABAH
AMIRRUDIN AHMAD, SYED AHMAD RIZAL TN. NEK
Unit Penyelidikan Ekosistem Air Tawar (UPEAT), Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Kolej Universiti Sains dan Teknologi Malaysia,21300, Terengganu D.I., Malaysia
MOHD. AZMI AMBAK
Institute of Tropical Aquaculture,Kolej Universiti Sains dan Teknologi Malaysia (KUSTEM), 21030 Kuala Terengganu,Terengganu
An extension survey on ichthyofauna was carried out at the Ansuan River, Meliau River,Tungud River and several unnamed streams within the vicinity of Ulu Tungud Forest Reserve,Meliau from 14
December to 21
December 2004. Nineteen species belonging to five familieswere recorded. The fish fauna was dominated by Cyprinidae (47%) followed by Balitoridae (36%)and other families.
(Balitoridae)when present are the most common species. Several specimens of the genus
are yet to identified to the species level The surveyed areas are relatively disturbed byhuman activities particularly logging and plantations but most of the streams and rivers visitedduring the survey are having relatively clear water and good visibility.KEYWORDS: Freshwater fish, abundance, Cyprinidae, Sabah
The freshwater fishes of the state of Sabah was probably better known and well documented based on the works of Inger & Chin (1962) and a subsequent supplementary chapter by P. K.Chin (see Inger & Chin 1990). Despite the publication on their major works, no further comprehensive collections were made in the recent years to document the fish diversity of theState but only small collections at the localized areas (see Chin & Samat 1992, Chin & Samat1995) which revealed some significant finding. Long-term ecological study of fishes at theDanum Valley Field Center (DVFC) area has shown that rare species could opportunisticallycollected to give a better picture of the total species richness and diversity (Martin-Smith and Tan,1998). Their study have resulted a significant contribution to understanding ichthyofauna of theeastern Sabah, especially for the Danum Valley vicinity on the inter- and intra-catchmentvariability.Magurran (1988) stated that a short-term collection over a period of only a few days canmiss rare or seasonally abundant species. Constant collections over the same geographic areaover a long period of time are crucial to develop the species accumulation curve but, long-termstudies normally required large financial support, huge amount of money that most of the time,cannot be possible to obtain. Species accumulation curve seldom be reached over a short periodof time, more often show extremely long tail (Martin-Smith and Tan, 1998) with additionalspecies being recorded long after collection begins. Therefore, any opportunities to survey even alocalize area is greatly appreciated and sometimes are important to document any biologicaldiversity present at the time of collection.
Correspondence: Amirrudin Ahmad
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, KolejUniversiti Sains dan Teknologi Malaysia ,21030 Kuala Terengganu, TerengganuD.I., Malaysia