Preventing and Overcoming Self-Harm 2
Children at the elementary school level face a great number of stressors including educational, cultural, relational (domestic and societal), and recreational. With all the stress and pressures a child must learn to cope. Children often resort to deliberate self harm (DSH). DSH can range from hitting, to scratching, to the prevention of wounds healing, to cutting, and more. While educators may not see each form of DSH in a general education classroom, a teacher may see a child purposefully destruct his or her body tissue. It can take the form of pulling out hair, eyelashes, cuticles, etc. This study will offer potential solutions to said stressors, which will, in turn, allow children to replace DSH behaviour. The objectives of this program are to provide problem-solving techniques to DSH children, to foster a safe learning environment, to alleviate stressors due to misunderstandings of academic expectations, to assist parents and teachers in setting realistic goals for a child, to promote better emotional experiences for DSH children so that they can know how to regulate what they are experiencing, to make academic, social, and psychological guidance available to DSH children, and to provide parents with opportunities to assist the student with school. This program has shown a decrease in self-harm occurrences in DSH children while preventing self-harm for those participants that show borderline behaviors.
stress, children, middle childhood, deliberate self-harm (DSH), problem-solving techniques