Rottweiler Origin and History
The lineage and ancestry of the Rottweiler is not documented onofficial record anywhere. Bearing this in mind, it is suspectedand theorized that the Rottweiler is from the line of drover dogsthat were native to the ancient Rome region. The drover doghas been depicted as have Mastiff-type traits such asdependability, ruggedness, hard working, extremely intelligentarding instincts.The Rottweiler breed that we know today is not the same as the original Rottweilers.Roman Emperors had many, many conquests and invasions throughout Europe usingextremely massive armies full of thousands of men. The ability to feed these men andprotect the army supplies was of utmost importance for the success of the Roman armies.During the time of the invasions, there was no method for refrigeration of meat to feedthe soldiers. Armies had to rely on their food sources, such as cattle, staying alive and‘on the hoof’. As a result, the Rottweiler became a very popular and liked dog becausewith it’s Mastiff-type traits it could herd and lead the ‘on the hoof’ food supplies as wellas guard and protect the herds and supply divisions of the armies during the eveninghours.There were numerous conquests and invasions from the Roman army but one of particular interest is the invasions during A.D.74 where the route was focused on the Alpslocated in today’s Southern Germany regions. This territory was called Are Flaviae andprovided excellent climate, rich and fertile soil along with a central localized location. Itis interesting that history points to the very significant role that the awesome fearlessRoman drover dog played during this journey from Rome to the wilderness banks of theNeckar River.and profoundly strong gu
Historical accounts of the time period indicate that the ancestors of the initial Romandrover dogs were used to guard herds and assist the Romans for the following twocenturies. Also, Circa A.D. 260 history reports that the Swabians defeated the Romansfrom Are Flaviae and took over the city. With the resulting agriculture and cattle tradingas a primary occupation there was even further need for this dog breed.Approximately A.D. 700 the building of a Christian church ordered by a local duke onthe former Roman baths unearthed Roman villa red tiles. In order to differentiate thetown from others in the area, the church named it das Rote Wil (meaning the red tile), aorigin of the present day word Rottweil.