Geospatial Tool Kit GPS Lesson IIUsing a GPS ReceiverMain Idea:
A GPS Receiver is just one piece of the Global PositioningSystem, but it’s the piece that most people are familiar with. Thereare many kinds of GPS receivers out there. Two of the most commontypes are the simple handheld models designed for people to take awalk in the woods, and the user-friendly models with big, touch-screens made for driving cars. This lesson focuses on the simpler,hand held models that many people use for geocaching and basicmapping. Each model is different; If you don’t have the User Manualfor your particular model, going to the manufacturers website is a goodplace to start. See Additional Resources for websites for some of themost common manufacturers.
A GPS Receiver (GPSr), ideally 1 unit for every 2-3 students
The Users Manual for your particular model of GPS Receiver
A handful of temporary place markers (cones, Frisbees, anythingthat won’t blow away in the wind
An outdoor natural area, ideally a blend of natural areasincluding forest and field, but any outdoor area will do.
Activity I: Starting Off on the Same Page
GPSr’s have a lot of settings inside of them that can make themlook a little different, so if you are doing this lesson along withother 4-H’ers, it will be good to set a few settings consistently onall receivers.
1.If you haven’t read your instruction manual yet, thiswould be a good time to dust it off and flip through thosepages. Find the section on setting the “map datum”. Besure that all of the GPSr’s that your group is using are set tothe WGS84 Datum.2.Now, look in your manual for setting the coordinateformat. Different formats allow you to express your locationin different ways. It’s like fractions and decimal points; theyare different ways to express the same thing. Set yourformat to hdd mm.mmmScience Checkup – Questions you might ask to evaluate what waslearned
What would happen if you used a different datumthan someone else in your group?