OCT -2009 Vol 1.88
In This Issue
NEWS LETTER OFARMARC
1) PUTA (
HEATING DEVICES INAYURVEDA)
2) A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF MEDICINALPLANTS OF INDIA
Formulation Profile (Series-A/10)SAMSHAMANI VATI4)
Herbal Drug Profile (Series-A/11)
Diseases and alterations are part of each life butintelligent treatment brings back that life in main stream.Somebody adopts any alteration from birth and no oneis found faulty behind such condition. Autism is one of them. It is a tendency to morbid self-absorption at theexpense of regulation by outward reality. Autism ischaracterized by impaired social interaction, problemswith verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual,repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests. It isalways mistaken as madness but it is a most commoncondition of group of developmental disorders. It firstappears during infancy and overt symptoms graduallybegin after the age of six months which are more apparentby age of two or three years. It tends to continue throughadulthood with usual learning disabilities which is notcommon in all cases. In our Indian society these casesare covered family members to expose to avoid anyhindrance in relations, as such things are unknowinglywrongly judged with family background. Recentresearches have shown that in families with one autisticchild, the risk of having a second child with the disorderis approximately 5 percent or sometimes below that. Thispercentage may be for anyone, even without having suchbackground. By the time it is also reality that emotionaldisorders, such as manic depression occur morefrequently than average in the families of people withautism. The reason is more conditional as such familiescare more about such person and are closer emotionally.Children with autism appear to have a higher thannormal risk for certain co-existing conditions, includingfragile X syndrome (which causes mental retardation),tuberous sclerosis (in which tumors grow on the brain),epileptic seizures, tourette syndrome, learning disabilities,attention deficit disorder etc. For reasons that are stillunclear, about 20 to 30 percent of children with autismdevelop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood. Whilepeople with schizophrenia may show some autistic-likebehavior, their symptoms usually do not appear until thelate teens or early adulthood. Most people withschizophrenia also have hallucinations and delusions, whichare not found in autism.Autism varies widely in its severity and symptomsand may go unrecognized, especially in mildly affectedchildren or when it is masked by more debilitatinghandicaps. Doctors rely on a core group of behaviors to alert them to the possibility of a diagnosis of autism. These behaviors are:
impaired ability to make friends with peers
impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation withothers
absence or impairment of imaginative and social play
stereotyped, repetitive, or unusual use of language
restricted patterns of interest that are abnormal inintensity or focus
preoccupation with certain objects or subjects
inflexible adherence to specific routines or ritualsThere is no cure for autism, but patient can be broughtback to theme up to certain extent with treatment. Theideal treatment must target the core symptoms of autismlike impaired social interaction, problems with verbal andnonverbal communication, and obsessive or repetitiveroutines and interests. The following treatments arealready being used as:
Educational and behavioral interventions
: Therapistsuse highly structured and intensive skill-oriented trainingsessions to help children develop social and languageskills. Counseling for the parents and siblings of childrenwith autism are done to help families cope with theparticular challenges of living with an autistic child.
: Antidepressants are given to avoidanxiety, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.Anti-psychotic medications are used to treat severebehavioral problems. Seizures can be treated with oneor more of the anticonvulsant drugs.
: Number of other therapies learnt fromexperience may be used. It is also duty of common beingto help the family and patient of autism background tofight, not separating them but being part of them.