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Chapter 1- Standard Form

# Chapter 1- Standard Form

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03/04/2013

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SMK. KOTA KLIAS, BEAUFORTCHAPTER 1: STANDARD FORM1.1 Significant FiguresRules to remember
A. For whole numbersRulesExamplesi. All non zero digits are significant figuresa. 12344 5 significant figures b. 3487923 7 significant figuresii. Zero between the digits is significantfiguresa. 2008 4 significant figures b. 160005 6 significant figuresiii. Zero after the digit not significant figuresa. 2000 1 significant figures b. 12300 3 significant figuresB. For decimal numbersRulesExamplesi. Zero after the decimal point not significantfiguresa. 0.00011 2 significant figures b. 0.007858 4 significant figuresii. Zero after the digits are significant figuresa. 2.300 4 significant figures b. 0.034000 5 significant figures
Rounding off
Round off the following numbers correct to the number of significant figures indicated withinthe brackets.64 349 (3)
64 300 ( 3 significant figures )
707.2 (2)
710 ( 2 significant figures
) 0.064 34 (3)
0.0643 ( 3 significant figures )
7.072 (2)
7.1 ( 2 significant figures )
SMKKK
16 4 3 4 90. 0 6 4 3 4 7.0 7 24<5 digit to be rounded 3, isunchanged. Before thedecimal point each digit isreplaced by 07 0 7. 27>5 , 1 is added to the digit t

o be rounded 0, 0+1=1 .After decimal point, digit 2 isdropped.4<5 digit to be rounded 3, isunchanged. After the decimal point digit 4 is dropped.7>5 , 1 is added to the digit 0,0+1=1 After the decimal point, digits 7 and 2 aredropped.

1. How many significant figures are there in the following numbers?a. 1245 = 4 sig. fige. 71.001i. 0.023 b. 220000f. 1.230j. 0.134c. 1340g. 35.43k. 0.00230d. 4004h. 0.0003l. 0.123002. Round off the following numbers correct to the number of significant figures given.4 significant figures3 significant figures2 significant figuresa. 2850 b. 0.003456c. 23.670d. 56782e. 0.00069843. Calculate each of the following, Give your answer correct to the number of significantfigures indicated in the brackets.a) 5.34 – 21.46 + 34.9[3]d)
74000817.547.6
[1] b) 0.092 + 12.54 x 3.3[2]e)
96.116.47 58.649.3
+
[2]c) 4.361
÷
13.6 – 0.097[4]f)
)2961.0378.0( 76
[2]
SMKKK
2

1.2 Standard FormGeneral Form : A x
n
10
1
A
<
10 and n is an integer
1. Write each of the following in standard forma) 327 3 2 7. = 3 x
2
10
b) 0.0007.0 0 0 7= 7 x
4
10
c) 13200d) 0.0012e) 0.000006f) 5503g) 37890000h) 0.000000000128i) 78599
Calculator Check [
Casio fx 570MS
]
1. Change the mode of the calculator to Scientific Sci modea) Press mode button 5 times or until you see “Sci” on the screenb) Choose the number under the “Sci”2. The calculator will respond by displaying Sci 0
9?(0
9 refers to the number of significant figures)3. Choose 3 for 3 significant figures (
00
1000.0
×
)4. Enter the following keys to write, example 327 in standard form3 2 7 =5. The answer obtained from the calculator is
02
1027.3
×
(Correct to 3 significant figures)2. Convert the following numbers in standard form to single numbers
SMKKK
3

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