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hussienOnnJohor TRIAL STPM MATHEMATICS M Term 2

hussienOnnJohor TRIAL STPM MATHEMATICS M Term 2

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TRIAL STPM MATHEMATICS M (JOHOR) –SMK TunHO Section A

[ 45 marks]

Answer

all

questions in this section

1. Tan and Lim, solicitors, monitored the time spent on consultations with a random sample of 120 of their clients. The times, to the nearest minute, are summarised in the following table : Time ( minutes) Number of clients 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-44 45-59 60-89 90-119 2 5 17 33 27 25 7 3 1 Total 120 a) calculate the median and quartiles of this distribution. [ 5 marks] b) comment on the skewness of the distribution. [ 1 mark ] c) calculate the mean of the above data [ 2 marks] d) the solicitors are undecided whether to use median or mean to summarise the data. State, giving a reason, which you would recommend them to use. [ 2 marks] 2. The events A and B are such that P(A

B

) = 0.4,

0.12B)P(A ,25.0)(

=∩=

A B P

a) calculate the value of P(B). [ 2 marks] b) Give a reason why A and B are not independent. [ 1 mark ] c) calculate the value of

)(

'

B A P

∩

[ 3 marks] 3. The probability that New Year’s Day is on Sunday in a randomly chosen year is

81

. a) 12 years are chosen randomly. Find the probability that at least 3 of these years have New Year’s day on a Sunday. [ 4 marks] b) 60 years are chosen randomly. Use a suitable approximation to find the probability that more than 6 of these years have New Year’s Day on a Sunday. [ 5 marks] 4. The data of 10 paired observations are summarised as follows:

∑∑∑ ∑ ∑

=====

120726.xy ,59920y ,300831x600,y ,1480

22

x

Find the equation of the least square line in the form of y = a + bx, where a and b are constants. [ 3 marks]

2

5. 2010 2011 Sauce Price (RM per unit) Quantity / unit Price (RM per unit) Quantity / unit Premium Standard Budget 23.60 15.80 10.50 35 45 50 25.20 17.10 11.30 22 38 60 The above table shows the price and quantity of 3 types of sauce sold by a supermarket for the years 2010 and 2011. By using 2010 as the base year, find the a) simple aggregate price index and interpret. [ 3 marks] b) Laspeyres price index and Paasche quantity index. [ 4 marks] 6. The following table shows the fixed deposits is in a finance company in the years 2009 to 2012.

Fixed deposits ( RM’ 000 )

Quarter Year 1 2 3

4

2009 13 20 35

22

2010 16 28 45

24

2011 20 32 48

32 2012 25 36 55 38

a) Plot a time series, and comment on the trend of the time series. [ 4 marks] b) State whether it is appropriate to use the linear regression method to forecast the amount of fixed deposits. Give a reason. [ 2 marks] c) calculate the centred four-quarter moving averages for this time series. [ 4 marks]

3

Section B

[ 15 marks]

Answer

ONLY

one

question in this section

7. The continuous random variable,

t

hours, the time taken to perform a particular task, has the probability density function

otherwise 0 1.0t 0.6 t)-9c(1
0.6t0 10
)(

2

<≤<≤=

ct t f

Where

c

is a constant. a) find the value of

c

and sketch the graph of this distribution. [ 7 marks] b) Find the expected time ( in minutes). [ 4 marks] c) determine the probability that the time will be more than 48 minutes. [ 4 marks] 8. A study comparing the amount if advertising time on TV per week for a product and the number of sales per week for the same product was conducted. The result over 8 weeks are given below: Advertising time ( minutes), x 10 12 14 15 16 17 22 20 Sales (thousands), y 2.3 2.8 3.1

k

2.9 3.2 5.0 4.0 a) find the coordinates of the point though which the regression line y on x and that of

x

on

y

both pass. Give your answer in terms of

k

. [ 3 marks] b) given that the regression line of

y

on

x

is

y

= 0.197

x

+ 0.184, find

k

to the nearest integer. Hence, find the Pearson correlation coefficient

r

between advertising time and sales per week. [ 7 marks] c) plot a scatter diagram of y against x.. [ 2 marks] d) state whether it is appropriate to estimate the sales per week if the advertising time on TV is increased to 30 minutes per week. Give a reason. [ 2 marks] e) What is the effect on

r

if the advertising time was in hours instead of minutes. [ 1 mark]