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Corruption Motives of Agus Sjafiin Pane

Corruption Motives of Agus Sjafiin Pane

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Published by ellen maharani
this is an analysis of micro and semi-macro approach in my class of Eradicating-Corruption Class in The State College of Accounting as my mid-semester task.
this is an analysis of micro and semi-macro approach in my class of Eradicating-Corruption Class in The State College of Accounting as my mid-semester task.

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Published by: ellen maharani on Nov 11, 2009
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11/13/2010

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Corruption Motivesof Agus Sjafiin Pane
 
micro and semi-macro approach
Ellen Maharani12 - 09460004964
 
Page | 2 
Introduction 
Crime has been committed by different motives, so has corruption as one of white-collar crime. Criminals might claim several reasons to justify their motives, but some otherschoose to confess. By the classification of motives we say that a murderer kill someonemight stand for several reasons such as defending, doing revenge or being commanded byother. Pick-pockets, shop-lifters, thieves, robbers, and corruptors, even if they all committhe same crime called stealing in general, they come from different social-level. Corruptors,for example, they come from upper level of social status but they still steal the money of thestate. Like quote said, l
ife is always enough to fulfill human’s need but not their greed. This
paper would analyze the motives that trigger corruptors especially Agus Sjafiin Pane tocommit punitive measure of corruption through micro and semi-macro approach.
Case in a nutshell 
 Agus Sjafiin Pane (later, we will call Sjafiin), a functionary of green-line document-examiner in Kantor Pelayanan Utama of Directorate General of Customs and Excise, waspresumed routinely receiving bribes. The Bribery had been given for simplifying theprocedures of analyzing-point processing and issuing approval letters of import-commodityreleasing (Surat Persetujuan Pengeluaran Barang). This crime was detected while InternalCompliance Team of Directorate General of Customs and Excise together with the Teamfrom Commission Eradication Corruption were suddenly inspecting the office of KantorPelayanan Utama on May 30
th
2008. From the inspection, they found some money aboutthe amount of Rp 87,5 millions, USD 1.000, AUD 50, and SGD 23. The money was presumedfrom some of 
importir’s
weekly or monthly bribery. By the presumption, Sjafiin wasprosecuted for three years six months of prison and 250 millions of fine for breaking theArticle 12th section (b) Corruption Act (UU No. 31 Tahun 1999 which had been amended byUU No. 20 Tahun 2001 about Pemberantasan Tipikor).
An analysis 
 
We would examine and analyze factors that trigger punitive measure of corruptionthrough micro and semi-macro approach. Micro approach would examine the case of Sjafiin
 
Page | 3 
based on
Vroom 
and
Maslow 
theories. Semi-macro would examine the case of Sjafiinbased on
Klitgaard 
and
Torres 
theories. At the end, we hoped that this analysis wouldgive additional information and contribution to society in order to know first and laterminimize the punitive measure of corruption to optimize the eradication and theenforcement of the Law.Based on the equation formulated by
Victor Vroom 
,
 performance
is the functionof 
ability 
multiply with inner
motivation
.
Motivation
itself is consist of 
expectation
and
valance
. By the theory, if we want t
o increase someone’s positive
 performance
, we have toassure the positive substances of 
ability 
and
motivation
(also
expectation
and
valance
). If weanalyze Sjafiin, we might conclude that he has positive
ability 
. Positive
ability 
with high-intelectuality standardly characterized for almost all functionaries of the green-linedocument-examiner in Kantor Pelayanan Utama of Directorate General of Customs andExcise. To be accepted as functionary even just ordinary employee in Kantor PelayananUtama of Directorate General of Customs and Excise, everyone had to pass the assessmenttests. The chosen people there are usually them who are profesional and have high-integritycharacter, so is Sjafiin. Based on
Vroom 
, if someone want something (
expectation
) andthere is a way to get them, he or she will try (
motivation
) to get (
 performance
) themrespectively. Sjafiin expected to fulfill his family needs, bring happines to them and alsoexpect to be rich. This
expectation
was somehow still in a positive
valance
. But then the
valance
might be turned into negative which made Sjafiin permitted all ways even white-collar crime like corruption to achieve his
expectation
. When one substance turned intonegative, the
 performance
as the result of 
ability 
multiply with the
motivation
, would alsoturn into negative. Once people had been found in committing crime white-collar such ascorruption, all formerly performance seemed to be nothing for society and everythingbecame negative.The negative
valance
might caused by the temptation of money and high-class life-style.
Abraham Harold Maslow 
identified five levels of needs in the pyramidhierarchy which could be mentioned as
 physical needs
,
security needs
,
social needs
(the firstthree is called the
basic needs
),
self-esteem needs
and
self-actualization needs
. If we lookedup at the case of Sjafiin, he received bribery ranged from hundred thousands untill hundred

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