Institutionalized Cruelty:Factory Farming
areof no use to agribusiness; therefore, farmedanimals must be treated well. This notionis mistaken.The worldwide trend in animal agriculture is toreplace family farms, such as those seen fromcountry roads, with corporate farms rarely seenby the public.These factory farms are large warehouseswhere animals are kept in crowded pens ortiny, individual stalls. Large numbers of beef cattle, dairy cows, pigs, chickens, and turkeysare raised under such conditions. (Animalagriculture textbook
1998)One need only glance through farm industrymagazines to see that these ‘intensive rearing’systems are promoted as necessary for theproduction of low-cost animal products.Putting animals in small spaces causes someto die, but as a group, the net production ishigher.
suggests that“Crowding pigs pays” in an article recommend-ing space be reduced from 8 to 6 square feetper pig (11/15/93).Bernard Rollin, PhD,explains that it is “moreeconomically efﬁcient to puta greater number of birdsinto each cage, acceptinglower productivity per birdbut greater productivity percage…individual animalsmay ‘produce,’for examplegain weight, in part becausethey are immobile, yet sufferbecause of the inability tomove…Chickens are cheap,cages are expensive.”(Rollin, B.,
Iowa State UPress, 1995)
This [video footage from the movie Babe]is the way Americans want to think of pigs.Real-life “Babes” see no sun in their limitedlives, with no hay to lie on, no mud to rollin. The sows live in tiny cages, so narrowthey can’t even turn around. They live overmetal grates, and their waste is pushedthrough slats beneath them and ﬂushedinto huge pits.
Pork Power,60 M
Forget the pig is an animal. Treat him justlike a machine in a factory.
Anti-Corporate Hog Farming is Anti-Progress
title of an article in F
THETRANSFORMATION OF ANIMALS INTO FOOD
Competition to produce inexpensive meat, eggs, and dairy products has inevitablyled animal agribusiness to treat animals as commodities rather than living, feelingbeings. Animal cruelty laws in the U.S. normally exempt “standard agricultural prac-tices.”Those standard practices have resulted in tremendous suffering, a portion of which is documented here.
Many breeding sows spend their whole adult lives in gestation and farrowing stalls wherethey cannot turn around.