Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ: a Historical Fact

The Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ: a Historical Fact

Ratings: (0)|Views: 20 |Likes:
Published by acts2and38
A key point of difference between Islam and Christianity is the Bible's testimony that Jesus was executed on a cross and rose from the dead. Often with differences between religions the differences are matters of personal opinion or interpretation. There are, though, areas that are more than opinion or interpretation, that put themselves into the realm of fact. Both Islam and Christianity pride themselves on being historical religions. They both hold that at a specific time and place, God intervened and acted in human history, and that one can still investigate these events through the historical evidence that has been left. This facet of these two religions takes their historical claims out of the realm of personal opinion into the realm of historical fact. Islam is based on the historical evidence surrounding the claims of Muhammad to prophet-hood and his receiving the Qur'an. Christianity is based on the historical evidence concerning the claims and life of Jesus the Messiah. As concerns this discussion, Christianity explicitly stakes its validity on the historical fact of the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus. The Apostle Paul stated:
"If Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins." (1 Corinthians 15:17 NASB)
This lecture will present the historical evidence that supports 1) that Jesus was crucified and died from this torture, and 2) that Jesus rose from the dead in the same body in which He died. It will also consider the major Islamic objections to Christ’s crucifixion.
A key point of difference between Islam and Christianity is the Bible's testimony that Jesus was executed on a cross and rose from the dead. Often with differences between religions the differences are matters of personal opinion or interpretation. There are, though, areas that are more than opinion or interpretation, that put themselves into the realm of fact. Both Islam and Christianity pride themselves on being historical religions. They both hold that at a specific time and place, God intervened and acted in human history, and that one can still investigate these events through the historical evidence that has been left. This facet of these two religions takes their historical claims out of the realm of personal opinion into the realm of historical fact. Islam is based on the historical evidence surrounding the claims of Muhammad to prophet-hood and his receiving the Qur'an. Christianity is based on the historical evidence concerning the claims and life of Jesus the Messiah. As concerns this discussion, Christianity explicitly stakes its validity on the historical fact of the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus. The Apostle Paul stated:
"If Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins." (1 Corinthians 15:17 NASB)
This lecture will present the historical evidence that supports 1) that Jesus was crucified and died from this torture, and 2) that Jesus rose from the dead in the same body in which He died. It will also consider the major Islamic objections to Christ’s crucifixion.

More info:

Published by: acts2and38 on May 15, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as RTF, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/15/2014

pdf

text

original

 
The Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ: A Historical Fact I. Introduction A key point of difference between Isla and Christianity is the !ible"s testiony that Jesus was executed on a cross and rose fro the dead. #ften with differences between reli$ions the differences are atters of personal opinion or interpretation. There are% thou$h% areas that are ore than opinion or interpretation% that put thesel&es into the real of fact. !oth Isla and Christianity pride thesel&es on bein$ historical reli$ions. They both hold that at a specific tie and place% 'od inter&ened and acted in huan history% and that one can still in&esti$ate these e&ents throu$h the historical e&idence that has been left. This facet of these two reli$ions takes their historical clais out of the real of personal opinion into the real of historical fact. Isla is based on the historical e&idence surroundin$ the clais of (uhaad to prophet)hood and his recei&in$ the *ur"an. Christianity is based on the historical e&idence concernin$ the clais and life of Jesus the (essiah. As concerns this discussion% Christianity explicitly stakes its &alidity on the historical fact of the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus. The Apostle +aul stated: ,If Christ has not been raised% your faith is worthless- you are still in your sins., / Corinthians /0:/1 2A3!4This lecture will present the historical e&idence that supports /4 that Jesus was crucified and died fro this torture% and 54 that Jesus rose fro the dead in the sae body in  which He died. It will also consider the a6or Islaic ob6ections to Christ7s crucifixion. II. 8&idence for the death of Jesus on the cross This lecture is built on the preise that the !ible is a historically reliable docuent and that its stateents of historical fact can be accepted as true. This was deonstrated in the earlier article on this site% ,The !ible: Corrupt or 9nchan$ed., Fro a historical standpoint% the 2ew Testaent is the reliable testiony of the copanions of Jesus as to what they personally obser&ed of the e&ents of His life% of the character of His life% and  what they heard Hi teach. !ein$ Jesus" close copanions for three years% they are the best witnesses of what occurred in Jesus" life. The 'nostic docuents that concern Jesus are the only early docuents with a clai to call the 2ew Testaent records into uestion. The article on this site% ,The Historical Reliability of the 'nostic 'ospels, explains why these records are not reliable historical records of the life of Jesus Christ. 9pon exaination% these docuents show thesel&es to be $reatly inferior to the 2ew Testaent as far as their historical reliability. A. The !iblical e&idence of the crucifixion of Jesus ;e need to now turn to the 'ospel accounts fro the !ible. They record the earliest inforation a&ailable concernin$ Jesus. 2ot only is this inforation early% it is historically reliable. The four 'ospel accounts in the 2ew Testaent were written by either disciples of Jesus or the copanions of Jesus7 disciples who had access to the &ery earliest
 
 written aterials concernin$ Jesus and the people who were intiately acuainted with Jesus. An excellent book which presents the historical &alue of these 'ospel accounts is +aul !arnett7s Is The 2ew Testaent Reliable< A =ook At The Historical 8&idence I3!2 >)?@>?)/?@)>4. Here is soe of the testiony to Jesus7 death on the cross fro the 2ew Testaent: /. The Bisciples: It is the unanious testiony of the disciples of Jesus that they knew He died on the cross. This can be obser&ed by readin$ any of the followin$ $ospel accounts: a. (atthew 51:@@)0> b. (ark /0:55)@1 c. =uke 5@:@@) d. John /D:/)@> 2ote: This testiony includes (ary% Jesus" other John /D:50)514% any woan disciples (atthew 51:004% any other followers =uke 5@:D4% and the Apostle John% one of Jesus" closest disciples John /D:5)514. Joseph of Ariathea and 2icodeus actually handled the body of Jesus after He had died% wrapped it in $ra&e clothes and laid it in a tob =uke 5@:0>)0@- John /D:@?)54. #ther disciples% while possibly not obser&in$ the crucifixion% knew it to be a fact: e. +eter: John 5>:/)1- Acts 5:5@%@- / +eter 5:5 f. Thoas: John 5>:5)5D $. The rest of the twel&e apostles: Acts /:/@)/%5/)5- 5:/ Two unnaed ones: =uke 5:5>. 5. The Roan authorities: The Roans% as the rulin$ authority in +alestine at this tie%  were le$ally responsible for Jesus" death. +ontius +ilate% the $o&ernor% decreed His death after a series of reli$ious and ci&il trials. The Roans were &ery efficient in executions and saw to it that Jesus was dead when He was taken down fro the cross. The Centurion and soldiers ade sure Jesus was dead: John /D:@@)@% and +ontius +ilate ade sure Jesus was dead: (ark /:)0. @. The Jewish authorities: The Jews were orally responsible for Jesus" death. They re6ected Hi as their (essiah and plotted and succeeded in ha&in$ Hi executed by the Roans. They ade sure Jesus was dead and that their schees had succeeded. The Jewish leaders obser&ed Jesus die% ade sure the Roans killed Hi and knew it was fact that he had died: (atthew 51:/)@% 5)- (ark /0:@/)@5- John /D:@/. . Jesus" own predictions of His death by crucifixion. Jesus predicted His own death any ties. The 'ospels record Hi predictin$ His death on at least 5/ separate occasions. (any of these predictions record the details of His death- that He would die in Jerusale at the tie of the +asso&er celebration% suffer at the hands of the chief priests% and be killed by crucifixion. Here is a list of the references where Jesus predicts His own death listed by separate occasion: a. (atthew /5:@D)> b. (atthew /: c. (atthew /:5/- (ark ?:@/- =uke D:55 d. (atthew /1:/5 e. (atthew /1:55%5@- (ark D:@/- =uke D: f. (atthew 5>:/?%/D- (ark />:@@%@- =uke /?:@/)@ $. (atthew 5/:@@)@D- (ark /5:/)/5- =uke 5>:D)/D h.
 
(atthew 5@:@1 i. (atthew 5:5 6. (atthew 5:/5 k. (atthew 5:5?- (ark /:5 l. (atthew 5:@/%@5 . (ark />:0 n. =uke /5:0> o. =uke /@:@% @0 p. =uke /1:50 . John @:/ r. John :0/ s. John />:/0)/? t. John /5:@>)@5 u. John /:/ 2ote: These predictions of Jesus" death confir that He is a true prophet accordin$ to the #ld Testaent Beuteronoy /?:554 in that what He predicted cae about in exactly the sae way and at exactly the sae tie He predicted it. 0. #ld Testaent prophecies concernin$ the death of Christ: Jesus was not only a prophet in His own ri$ht by predictin$ future e&ents% He also fulfilled e&ents that had been predicted concernin$ the (essiah7s death at least 1>> and />>> years earlier. a. Ba&id: Ba&id as a prophet in his psals />>> years before Jesus predicted details of the death of the (essiah. +sal 55:/)/? states: ,For do$s ha&e surrounded e- A band of e&ildoers has encopassed e- They pierced y hands and feet. I can count all y bones. They look% they stare at e. They di&ide y $arents aon$ the% and y clothin$ for lots., b. Isaiah: Isaiah% 1>> years before Jesus% predicted any aspects of the (essiah"s death. Isaiah 0@:0)/> states: ,!ut He was pierced throu$h for our trans$ressions% He was crushed for our iniuities- the chastenin$ for our well)bein$ fell upon Hi% and by His scour$in$ we are healed. All of us like sheep ha&e $one astray% each of us has turned to his own way- but the =ord has caused the iniuity of us all to fall on Hi. He was oppressed and He was afflicted% yet He did not open His outh- like a lab led to slau$hter% and like a sheep that is silent before his shearers% so He did not open His outh. !y oppression and 6ud$ent% He  was taken away- and as for His $eneration% who considered that He was cut off out of the land of the li&in$% for the the trans$ression of y people to who the stroke was due< His $ra&e was assi$ned to be with wicked en% yet with a rich an in His death- althou$h He had done no &iolence% nor was there any deceit in His outh. !ut the =ord was pleased to crush Hi% puttin$ Hi to $rief- if He  would render Hiself as a $uilt offerin$..., c. Baniel: Baniel% >> years before Jesus% stated this concernin$ the (essiah in Baniel D:5: ,Then after the sixty)two weeks the (essiah will be cut off and ha&e nothin$..., d. Eechariah: Eechariah% >> years before Jesus% said this in Eechariah /5:/>: ,And I will pour out on the house of Ba&id and on the inhabitants of Jerusale% the 3pirit

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->