Aesthecism and phylosophy
•Wilde was deeply impressed by theEnglish writers John Ruskin and Walter Pater, who argued for the centralimportance of art in life. Wilde later commented ironically when he wrote in
The Picture of Dorian Gray
that "All artis quite useless". The statement wasmeant to be read literally, as it was inkeeping with the doctrine of art for art'ssake, coined by the philosopher Victor Cousin, promoted by Théophile Gautier and brought into prominence by JamesMcNeill Whistler. In 1879 Wildestarted to teach aesthetic values inLondon.