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Powrerpoint: Gastro-duodenal surgical diseases

Powrerpoint: Gastro-duodenal surgical diseases

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Published by: j.doe.hex_87 on Nov 12, 2009
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02/01/2013

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GASTRODUODENALGASTRODUODENALDISEASESDISEASES
SURGICAL DISEASESSURGICAL DISEASES
 
 ANATOMY OF THE STOMACH ANATOMY OF THE STOMACH
Muscular organMuscular organ--food storage andfood storage and digestiondigestion
4 parts: cardia, fundus, body, antrum4 parts: cardia, fundus, body, antrum
2 sphincters: GE (HPZ), pylorus2 sphincters: GE (HPZ), pylorus
Nerves: vagus, greater splanhnic nervesNerves: vagus, greater splanhnic nerves
 Arteries: RGA, LGA, RGEA, LGEA, VBA Arteries: RGA, LGA, RGEA, LGEA, VBA
 Veins: RGV, LGV, RGEV, LGEV Veins: RGV, LGV, RGEV, LGEV--portalportal system, LGVsystem, LGV  azygos vein through esoph.azygos vein through esoph. veinsveins
 
MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY OF THE STOMACHOF THE STOMACH
4 layers of the wall: serosa, muscularis,4 layers of the wall: serosa, muscularis,muscularis mucosae, mucosa.muscularis mucosae, mucosa.
3 divisions of the mucosa:3 divisions of the mucosa:
--
cardiac gland area: secretes mucuscardiac gland area: secretes mucus
--
parietal cell area: mucous cells, chief cellsparietal cell area: mucous cells, chief cells--pepsinogen, parietal cellspepsinogen, parietal cells--HCl, IFHCl, IF
--
pyloroantral mucosa: G cellspyloroantral mucosa: G cells--gastringastrin

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