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Kinesiologie-functionala

Kinesiologie-functionala

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Published by Jalba Iulia

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Published by: Jalba Iulia on May 16, 2014
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05/16/2014

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UNIVERSITATEA DE MEDICINĂ ŞI FARMACIE „VICTOR BABEŞ” TIMIŞOARACOLEGIUL DE BALNEOFIZIOKINETOTERAPIE ŞI RECUPERARE
KINESIOLOGIE FUNCŢIONALĂ
Format electronic
Dan Nemeş A!man" G#$%&e'(%
TIMIŞOARA )**+
 
 CUPRINS
,- BAZELE TEORETICE ALE KINETOLOGIEI
.............................31.1. NOŢIUNI GENERALE .................................................................31.1.1. Bazele fizice ..........................................................................31.1.2. Bazele anatomice ..................................................................71.1.3. Bazele fizioloice .................................................................1!1.1.!. Bazele fizio"atoloice ..........................................................221.2. NOŢIUNI #I$ICO%BIO&ECANICE ALE ELE&EN'ELOR APARA'ULUI OS'EOAR'ICULAR ...........................................2!
)- CORPUL OMENESC CA UN TOT UNITAR 
 ..................................3(2.1. )E#INIŢIA *I CONŢINU'UL ANA'O&IEI #UNCŢIONALE *I ALE BIO&ECANICII ...............................................................3(2.2. LOCO&OŢIA +'IPURI )E S'A'IC, *I LOCO&OŢIE- &ECANIS&ELE GENERALE ALE LOCO&OŢIEI ..................3/2.3. 0INE&A'IC,
 
  
 
0INE'IC, *I RELAŢIA CU PO$IŢIILE
 
  POS'URILE. CON'ROL- COOR)ONARE- ECILIBRU ...........3/2.!. )EPRIN)ERI &O'ORII CO&PLEE. GENERALI',ŢI ........!1
.- METODE DE E/PLORARE ŞI EVALUARE 0N KINETOTERAPIE
.............................................................................!!3.1. PRINCIPII )E E4ALUARE *I EPLORARE 5N 0INE'O'ERAPIE .........................................................................!!3.2. &E'O)OLOGIA )E E4ALUARE...............................................!73.2.1. E6ala8ea calit9:ii 6ie:ii "acientli......................................!73.2.2. E6ala8ea lo;al9 com"le<9..................................................!= 3.2.3.E6ala8ea a"a8atli N&A0 ..................................................>?3.2.3.1. E6al98i @"eciale.................................................................>?3.2.3.2. E6al98i analitice................................................................77 3.2.3.3. E6al98i @emianalitice .......................................................1(>3.2.3.!.E6al98i @emilo;ale...........................................................1(73.2.3.?. E6al98i lo;ale..................................................................11(3.2.3 >. E6al98i "8in "8o8ame te@t e ineto"8ofila<ie.................12/
2
 
,- BAZELE TEORETICE ALE KINETOLOGIEI
O8ice eme8@ e a n:elee Di "8actica tenicile Di metoele e e6ala8e Di e<"lo8a8e n inetote8a"ie e@te ilzo8i f989 n:elee8ea mecani@melo8 ce @ta la ;aza inetote8a"iei. )e aceea am con@ie8at nece@a89 "8ezenta8ea lo8- "ent8 ca- oat9 n@Dite- @9 8e"8ezinte @"o8tl a"lic98ii ace@to8 metoe atFt e i6e8@e cFt Di e6ental al con@t8i8iiH no8a noi- n fnc:ie e e<"e8ien:a  "8actic9 acmlat9 n tim" a tt8o8 acelo8a ce lc8eaz9 n omenil 8ec"e898ii meicale.
,-,- NOŢIUNI GENERALE ,-,-,- Ba1e&e 2313(e,-,-,-,- De'4!e 2#!56 783ne93(6: ş3 m3ş(a!e 783nema93(6:A: F#!5a
 E@te cea ca8e @coate n co8" in @ta8ea e 8e"a@ Di ete8min9 miDca8e +fo8:a ca "8oc9to8 e miDca8e @a 8ezlt9 in miDca8ea ni co8" +fo8:a ca 8ezltat al miDc98ii ni co8"- cm e@te cazl ela@ticelo8 ntin@e- a a8c8ilo8 com"8imate etc. a A@"8a ni co8" "ot ac:iona
 o fo8:9 ce miDc9 co8"l n aceeaDi i8ec:ie c i8ec:ia fo8:eiJ
 o9 fo8:e concomitente n i8ec:ii ife8ite @a n aceeaDi i8ec:ie +n acelaDi @en@ @a n @en@8i ife8ite ca8e "n n miDca8e co8"l n fnc:ie e 6ecto8l fo8:9 8ezltant K iaonala "a8alelo8amli con@titit c cei 2 6ecto8i ca lat8i c o8iine comn9. ; Leile miDc98ii +@tiate e Neton e<"8im9 8ela:ia int8e fo8:9 Di miDca8e
 leea ine8:iei K o8ice co8" 89mFne n @ta8ea @a e 8e"a@ @a e miDca8e nifo8m9 linia89 8ea"t9 ac9 n inte86ine o fo8:9 e<te8ioa89 ca8e @9%i @cim;e @ta8eaJ
 leea accele8a:iei K @cim;a8ea momentli co8"li e@te "8o"o8:ional9 c fo8:a a"licat9 Di a8e loc n i8ec:ia fo8:ei ca8e ac:ioneaz9J
 leea ac:inii Di 8eac:inii K o8ice ac:ine ete8min9 o 8eac:ine o"@9 Di eal9.
 Remarcă
M &iDca8ea ni co8" e@te inflen:at9 e "8ezen:a alto8 co8"8i c ca8e 6ine n contact- 8ezltFn f8eca8eaJ
 ea e@te cea ca8e @e o"ne miDc98ii- e6enin o fo8:9 8ezi@ti69J
 "oate fi @tatic9 +n momentl "ne8ii n miDca8e a co8"li @a inamic9 +"e "a8c8@l miDc98ii co8"li- "8ima fiin cea mai ma8e.M Pent8 n:elee8ea conce"telo8 enn:ate Di a celo8 lte8ioa8e con@ie8 nece@a8 efini8ea no8 no:ini ca
 fo8:a K ma@a < accele8a:iaJ 1 Neton +N K 1  < 1 m@
2
J
 lc8l mecanic K 8ealizat e fo8:a ce ac:ioneaz9 a@"8a co8"li "e ca8e%l e"la@eaz9 "e o anmit9 i@tan:9J 1 ole + K 1 N < 1 mJ
 ene8ia K ca"acitatea ni co8" e a "8oce lc8 mecanicJ
 "te8ea K 6iteza c ca8e @e efecteaz9 n lc8 mecanic +tim"l n ca8e o fo8:a efecteaz9 n lc8 mecanicJ1 att + K 1   1 @. 
 La ni6ell co8"li mana A@"8a @ementelo8 e co8" n miDca8e ac:ioneaz9 mai mlte ti"8i e fo8:e- ce @e "ot com"o8ta "9 @i@teml e mai @@
 8etatea co8"o8al9
8etatea co8"li K fo8:a c ca8e acel co8" a"a@9 "e n "lan o8izontal K fo8:a c ca8e co8"l e@te at8a@ @"8e "9mFnt K ma@a < accele8a:ia 8a6ita:ional9 +/-= m@
2
 "ent8 toate co8"8ileJ
fo8:a 8a6ita:ional9- n inetoloie- "oate fi aniilat9 @a tilizat9 n @co" e facilita8e @a nc98ca8e n ca8l e<e8ci:iilo8 fiziceJ
cent8l e 8etate al ni co8" +CGK "nctl n ca8e ac:ioneaz9 totalitatea fo8:elo8 8a6ita:ionale  "a8alele ale totalit9:ii "nctelo8 mate8iale ale ni co8"  n ene8al el @e 9@eDte n cent8l @a "e a<a e @imet8ie a co8"li-
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