Principle of the wave energy converter
A few hun!re! "atents have been registere! worl!wi!e on !ifferent ty"es of wave energy converters. owever, it is wi!ely recognize! that the only !evice that can be built to even a mo!erate !egree of satisfaction, using "resently available construction techniues, is a shoreline $%& (Beymour *220+. An $%& consists of a "artially submerge!, hollow structure, which is o"en to the sea below the water line. This structure encloses a column of air on to" of a column of water. The inci!ent waves cause the water column to rise an! fall, which alternately com"resses an! !e"ressurizes the air column. f this tra""e! air is allowe! to flow to an! from the atmos"here via a turbine, energy can be e#tracte! from the system an! use! to generate electricity. The $%& can be re"resente! as in )igure E. The $scillator water &olumn
Description of the wave energy plant
The n!ian wave energy research starte! in *237 with the formation of an inter-!isci"linary grou" at the n!ian nstitute of Technology (T+, &hennai un!er the s"onsorshi" of the Fe"artment of $cean Fevelo"ment, Government of n!ia. The initial research con!ucte! by the %ave 'nergy Grou", T &hennai focuse! on the choice of the wave energy !evice (8aju, 8avin!ran *234, 8aju, 8avin!ran *232+. Hase! on stu!ies on three ty"es of !evices, namely, !ouble float system, single float vertical system, an! the $%& "rinci"le, it was conclu!e! that the $%& showe! the ma#imum "romise for n!ia. &onseuently, !evelo"ment activities were concentrate! on this !evice alone. Bome of the im"ortant as"ects that govern the !esign of a wave energy "lant are !iscusse! below.
The $%& wave energy !evice is a resonating !evice, which can be tune! to any "re!ominant freuency of the wave by altering the !imensions of the !evice. As far as hy!ro!ynamic as"ects were concerne!, the focus was on theoretical an! e#"erimental stu!ies for the !evelo"ment of sha"e an! o"timum !imensions of the $%& !evice. Theoretical