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panipat flyover

panipat flyover

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Published by darmumbai

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Published by: darmumbai on Nov 12, 2009
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05/06/2011

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Panipat Elevated Expressway Project
Diptimoy Datta,
Senior DGM (Bridges), ECC Division L&T, New Delhi
 
Panipat, the war city of India situated at 90 km from National capital, Delhi, has a glorious pastin the Indian history. It is said that at the time of battle of Mahabharat one of the five villageswhich were demanded by the pandavas was "Panpat” which was later on renamed as Panipat.Three major battles were fought at this place in 1526, 1556 and 1761. Panipat is famous inIndia by the name of “City of Weaver.” Panipat district has significant place in internationalmarket for “Handloom products.” It is also the biggest centre for shoddy yarn in the world.National Highway No. 1 connecting Delhi-Panipat-Ambala-Amritsar and going upto Indo/Pakborder is a very important National highway and connects northern part of the country includingstates of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana with Delhi and rest ofthe country. In eventuality of war, this road also serves as a vital link to Wagha border area asDelhi Cantonment, Ambala Cantonment and Jalandhar Cantonment are situated along sidethis road. As a result traffic intensity on the road is very high. The project section throughPanipat is a serious bottleneck to the speedy, smooth and safe flow of traffic mainly on accountof congested ypes of traffic due to Panipat being an industrial city.
 
The Panipat Elevated Expressway Project (PEEP) has come up in the heart of Panipat. Theentire stretch between km 86.000 & 96.000 has been been developed to a 6 lane accesscontrol highway with elevated 6 lane structure from 88560 to 92160. This 3.6 km flyover is thelongest 6 lane flyover in India till date. This Built Operate and Transfer (BoT) project has beenexecuted by L&T Panipat Elevated Corridor Limited (L&T PECL). National Highways Authorityof India (NHAI), New Delhi has alloted a 20 year concession to PEEP to finance, design, built,operate and maintain this new bridge. It is the first BoT project completed 6 months ahead ofschedule.
 
Project Details
 
Access controlled 6 lane highway in the reach km 86.000 to km 96.000.
Separate 2 lane peripheral road with paved shoulder on either side of access controlled6 lane highway for the local Panipat traffic.
Three Underpasses to accommodate 4 lane divided carriageway.
 
Construction of 2 New minor Bridges @ Ch: 91.400 & Ch: 96.000.
 
Widening / construction /reconstruction of culverts, drains, ducts for services etc.
 
Other miscellaneous provisions like Toll Plaza, lighting at Toll Plaza, street lighting, roadfurniture, road markings, signalized junctions etc.
 
Elevated Portion
 
Page 1 of 3
 
The 3.6 Km long flyover is the longest 6 lane flyover in India, built by utilizing state of arttechnology. The foundation of this bridge consists of 1282 piles done by rotary rig method overwhich pile caps and piers have been built upon. I-Girders have been pre–cast at the basecamp and transported to site in specially modified trailers, where the erection work has beencompleted using Gantries and high capacity cranes.
 
For the first time in India, precast deck slabs have been used as a load bearing member incombination with cast-in-situ. This has most efficiently led to time and cost reduction forcompletion of the project. Photographs 1 & 2.
Pavement
 
The project also included widening of roads from 4 lanes to 10 lanes in the project area.Throughout the stretch flexible road has been provided apart from Toll Plaza where rigidpavement has been constructed. The minimum crust thickness for the entire stretch is 695mm.
 
Underpasses
 
In order to provide interconnectivity to peripheral road on either side of the access controlledmain carriageway three underpasses have been provided at Ch: 87.365, Ch:91900 andCh:93.600 with a maximum length of 850 mts. These Underpasses have a minimum verticalclearance of 5.5m with 20m effective span to accommodate 4 lane divided carriageway withmedian and 1.5m footpath on either side.
 
Cross Drainage Works
 
A total of 10 culverts (7-box, 2-pipe & 1-slab) have been constructed and widened in theproject stretch. The cross drainage works also includes construction of 2 minor bridges at ch:91.400 & 96.000.
 
Street lighting
 
For lighting purpose twisted decorative poles with bird wings have been imported frommalaysia, which gives an added lure to the project. These poles have been used for the firsttime in this part of the country.
 
Toll Plaza
 
A 20-lane Toll Plaza has been constructed at Ch: 94775 with all the modern facilities importedfrom European Countries. It has the provision of smart cards for local vehicles as well asprovision for automatic classification of vehicles. Proper and adequate lighting as well asSafety measures have been ensured at this location. Rigid Pavement (Pavement Qualityconcrete) has been done in Toll Plaza area from Ch: 94775 to Ch: 95118. Photograph 4.
 
Landscaping
 
Landscape treatment of the project section has been undertaken through planting of trees andground cover of appropriate varieties.Shrubs of low height have been planted in the median of the project section.
Project Achievements
 
It is India’s first BoT project to be completed well ahead of schedule and the credit for the earlycompletion goes to:
 
i) Utility Shifting
 
Page 2 of 3

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