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Data Abstraction

Data Abstraction

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Published by devenuna

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Published by: devenuna on Nov 13, 2009
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12/04/2012

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UVA 
DEPARTMENTOFCOMPUTERSCIENCE 
Abstraction-1
Data Independence
DBMS approach- real solution: data abstraction- it is the name of the game in database systems- one copy at one location of all data- access to the data only through DBMS:no application programs directly touch the datauser --- application program --DBMS -- filesuser --- application program --- DBMS offers a stable view of the data, which is notaffected by reformatting or reorganization of data- many different views of the same data are supported
 
UVA 
DEPARTMENTOFCOMPUTERSCIENCE 
Abstraction-2
Logical and Physical Data Organization
Logical organization- conceptual or logical format of the data(e.g., employee record has E#, Name, Address)Physical organization- actual structure of the data and all supporting accessstructures (e.g., index)(e.g., employee: E# 32 bitsName 30 bytesAddress 50 bytes)Benefit- application programs must know the logical organizationbut the physical organization is an implementation detailthey need not know
 
UVA 
DEPARTMENTOFCOMPUTERSCIENCE 
Abstraction-3
DBMS Architecture
Different abstract levels- a widely accepted general architecture for a database- database described by three abstract levels- internal schema (physical database)- conceptual schema (conceptual database)- external schema (view)Objectives- insulation of application programs and data- support of multiple user views- use of schema to store the DB description (mete-data)

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