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Functional Testing

Functional Testing

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Published by: Pritom on Nov 13, 2009
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08/25/2010

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FUNCTIONAL SYSTEM TESTING TECHNIQUES
Functional Testing techniques are designed to ensure the system requirements and specifications are achieved.
Objective is to –
The process normally involves creation of test conditions and then using them to evaluate that systemdeveloped is correct.
The Different Functional System Testing Techniques are –1.Requirements Testing2.Regression Testing3.Error – Handling Testing4.Manual – support Testing5.Intersystem Testing6.Control Testing7.Parallel Testing
Requirements Testing Technique:
Usage
To ensure that system performs correctly
To ensure that correctness can be sustained for a considerable period of time.
System can be tested for correctness through all phases of SDLC but incase oreliability the programs should be in place to make system operational.
Objectives
Successfully implementation of user requirements
Correctness maintained over considerable period of time
Processing of the application complies with the organization’s policies andprocedures.
Secondary users needs are fulfilled –
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Security officer 
DBA
Internal auditors
Record retention
Comptroller 
How to Use
Test conditions created
These test conditions are generalized ones, which becomes test cases as theSDLC progresses until system is fully operational.
Test conditions are more effective when created from user’s requirements.
Test conditions if created from documents then if there are any error in thedocuments those will get incorporated in Test conditions and testing would notbe able to find those errors.
A test condition if created from other sources (other than documents) error trapping is effective.
Functional Checklist created.
When to use
Every application should be Requirement tested
Should start at Requirements phase and should progress till operations andmaintenance phase.
The method used to carry requirement testing and the extent of it is important.
Example
Creating test matrix to prove that system requirements as documented are therequirements desired by the user.
Creating checklist to verify that application complies to the organizational policiesand procedures.
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Regression Testing Technique:
Background
One segment of system is developed and thoroughly tested.
Another segment is changed which has disastrous effect on the tested segment.
The implemented change, new data or parameters have created change in thealready tested segment.
Usage
All aspects of system remain functional after testing.
Change in one segment does not change the functionality of other segment.
Objectives
Determine –
system documents remain current
System test data and test conditions remain current.
Previously tested system functions properly without getting effected thoughchanges are made in some other segment of application system.
How to Use
Test cases, which were used previously for the already tested segment is, re-run toensure that the results of the segment tested currently and the results of samesegment tested earlier are same.
Test automation is needed to carry out the test transactions (test conditionexecution) else the process is very time consuming and tedious.
In this case of testing
cost/benefit
should be carefully evaluated else the effortsspend on testing would be more and payback would be minimum.
When to use
When there is high risk that the new changes may effect the unchanged areas of application system.
In
development process:
Regression testing should be carried out after the pre-determined changes are incorporated in the application system.
In
Maintenance phase :
regression testing should be carried out if there is a highrisk that loss may occur when the changes are made to the system
Example
Re-running of previously conducted tests to ensure that the unchanged portion of system functions properly.
Reviewing previously prepared system documents (manuals) to ensure that they donot get effected after changes are made to the application system.
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