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Grammata Serica Recensa by Bernhard Karlgren

Grammata Serica Recensa by Bernhard Karlgren

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Published by rivetrenuck
Grammata Serica Recensa by Bernhard Karlgren
Grammata Serica Recensa by Bernhard Karlgren

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Published by: rivetrenuck on May 19, 2014
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09/04/2014

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BERNH RD K RLGREN
GRAMMATA
SERIC
RECENS
REPRINTE FROM
THE
MUSEUM OF F
B
EASTERN ANTIQUITIES BULLETIN 29 STOCKHOLM 1957
 
 6
7
~·
,_
BERNH RD K RLGREN
GR MM T SERIC RECENS
\
1
l
REPRINTED FROM
THE
l\IUSEUlU
OF
FAR
EASTERN ANTIQUITIES BULLETIN
29
STOCiiHOLM
957
 
 
GR MM T SERIC RECEN
S
Y
BERNH RD
K RLGREN
INTRODUCTION
t
was
in
the Bulletin
of
the
Museum
of
Far
Eastern
Antiquities
12, 1940,
that
the Grammata
Serica was
first
published.
This edition
is
now exhausted,
and
it
has seemed desirable
to
issue a new edition.l)
For
several reasons, however, a
mere reprint
was
out
of
the
question; a
thorough
revision, embod:ying a
multitude
of
new facts,
has
been found
indispensable.
In
fact,
the
presen_t version is
to
a
large
extent
a
new
work; hence
the
new title: Grammata
Serica Recensa.
t
has
been included in our Bulletin
29
in
order
to
furnish all subscribers
to
our Bulletins with
the
new
work, which is
to
supplant the
older one,
now
obsolete
in
certain
respects.
The principal
modifications
are
of
two
kinds.
In
the
first
place,
the
classical
texts contain
a
great
number
of
words
and
phrases the
m.eanings of
which
are in
dispute and have been
the
subject
of
many
learned
discussions
by
Chinese philologists.
In
giving
my
definitions of
meanings
in the
G.
S. of 1940 I
could
follow
neither Couvreur
nor
Legge.
Couvreur
accepted
slavishly
the
interpretations
of
the Sung
school,
although these have very often been
conclusively
refuted
by
eminent Ts ing
scholars. Legge
picked
out
at
random
his
interpretations from various
commen_taries of Sung,
Yiian
rtnd Ming
times with almost
as
little
consideration of
the
Ts ing
philology
as
Couvreur s.
The
Chinese dictionaries gave
just as little
help.
The
K ang
hi
tsi
tien as
well
as
the
modern
Ts i
yuan
merely
repeated
the
ordinary orthodox
glosses
without regard
to
the
brilliant
Chinese researches of
the
18th
and
19th
centuries.
2 
I
had,
in
1940,
no other expedient
than
to
follow
faithfully
the Han
time scholars
and
commentators, nearest in time (and
thus
in tradition)
to the
creative
Chou era.
In
the
years
since 1940, however, I
have published
the
results
of
extensive
1)
In
the very same
year
(1940)
that
the Grmnmata
Serica was
published
in
Sweden,
a
pirated edition
of
it
(a
photographic reprint)
was published
in Peking without
my
permission
or
knowledge.
2)
The more
recent
Ts i
hai
is somewhat
better in
this respect,
but
only
occasionally does
it
draw upon the
foremost
Ts ing
scholars,
ancl
it
is
thus
far
from satisfactory;
to
a
large
extent
it
repeats
uncritically
word
definitions from various
early
glossists
refuted
long ago
by
the best
Chinese philo-
logists.
1

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