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Dialog on Hinduism

Dialog on Hinduism

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Published by: home555 on Nov 13, 2009
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 A Dialog on Hinduism 
 V. N. Gopala Desikan
 
Compiledbysaranagathi.org
 
Itcanbealsofoundat:http://saranagathi.org/blogs/gopala‐desikan
 
2
TableofContents
C
HAPTER
1
:V
EDASAND
S
ASTRAS
........................................................................................................................3
C
HAPTER
2
:A
ZHWARSAND
A
CHARYAS
............................................................................................................10
C
HAPTER
3
:“D
OCTRINE
S
PECIAL
”
OF
V
ISISHTADVAITA
...............................................................................15
C
HAPTER
4
:T
HE
E
TERNAL
J
IVATMA
.................................................................................................................20
C
HAPTER
5
:M
ATTERAND
C
REATION
...............................................................................................................24
C
HAPTER
6:I
SWARA
–W
HE
L
ORDANDTHE
M
ASTER
..................................................................................28
C
HAPTER
7:A
DVAITHA
,V
ISISHTADVAITAAND
D
VAITA
...............................................................................42
C
HAPTER
8:K
ARMA
,J
NANA
,B
HAKTI
Y
OGAS
..................................................................................................56
C
HAPTER
9:J
IVATMAAND
P
ARAMATMA
..........................................................................................................67
C
HAPTER
10:D
EPARTUREOFTHE
S
OUL
..........................................................................................................80
C
HAPTER
11:P
RAPATTI
......................................................................................................................................86
C
HAPTER
12:T
HE
T
HREE
S
ECRETS
.................................................................................................................92
C
HAPTER
13:V
ADAKALAIAND
T
ENKALAI
....................................................................................................100
C
ONCLUSION
.........................................................................................................................................................104
 
3
Chapter1:VedasandSastras
1.
 
Whatisthebasicauthority(pramana)forHindureligionandphilosophy?
TheVedasarethebasic,fundamentalauthority.
2.
 
WhatisthemeaningofthewordVeda?
Veda,inSanskritmeansthatwhichgivesknowledge.
3.
 
IsthereanyothernameforVeda?
VedaisalsocalledSruti.
4.
 
WhatisthemeaningofthewordSruti?
Srutimeansthatwhichisheard(throughyouears).TheVedaswereoriginallytaughtbyLordNarayanatoBrahmaorally.FromthereontheVedascamedownfromtheGurutothestudentsorallyonly.TheGuruteachestheVedastothestudents.ThusthestudenthearstheVedafromtheteacher.
5.
 
 AreVedasknownbyanyothernames,apartfromSruti?
TheyarealsocalledNigamaandAmnaya.
6.
 
Whatisthemeaningofthewords–NigamaandAmnaya?
Nigamameansasettledtextorwork,whichishandeddownfromtheGurutothestudentfromtimeimmemorial.Amnayameanswhatislearntbythestudent,byfrequentrepetitionofthetext;andalsobyfrequentlythinkingoverthesame.
7.
 
WhocomposedtheVedas?
TheVedashavenotbeencomposedbyanybody,notevenbyGodHimself.TheVedasareeternallyexistent.EvenGoddidnotcreateormaketheVedas.NarayanahasonlytaughttheVedastoBrahmaandthendowntheline.HenceVedasarecalledApaurusheya–notauthoredormadebyanyone,includingGod.
8.
 
HowmanyVedasarethere?
TherearefourVedas.Theyarecalled:RigVeda,YajurVeda,SamaVedaandAtharvaVeda.
9.
 
HowdoyouexplainthattheVedashavenotbeenauthoredbyanybody;includingGod?
TheyareactuallythebreathofGod.Thatis,aftereachdeluge(pralaya),whentheworldiscreated,GodNarayanarememberstheVedasandteachesthentoBrahmaandthenitcomesdowntheline.Thatiswhy,wesaytheyarenotmadebyanybodyincludingGod,butareself‐existent.
10.
 
WhodividedtheVedasintofour,asstatedabove?
VyasaeditedtheVedasanddividedthem.
11.
 
OnwhatbasisdidVyasadividetheVedasintofour?
TheVedasweredividedintofour,tosuittheVedicritualsorkarmas.Therearefourpersons(Ritviks)whoareprominentintheperformanceofrituals.

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