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Alternative fuel analysis for SST

Alternative fuel analysis for SST

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Published by Scott Franz
Alternative fuel analysis for SST
Alternative fuel analysis for SST

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Published by: Scott Franz on May 19, 2014
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Steamboat Springs Transit
Transit Alternative Fuel Systems Analysis
May 13, 2014
 
 
Transit Alternative Fuel Systems Analysis
 
Steamboat Springs Transit
Table of Contents
PROJECT TEAM......................................................................................................................................1
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY..........................................................................................................................2
 
Summary of SST and Alternative Fuels....................................................................................................................2
 
Summary of Analysis.................................................................................................................................................3
 
Summary of Key Findings.........................................................................................................................................3
 
Summary of Alternatives...........................................................................................................................................4
 
Summary of Recommendations................................................................................................................................4
 
PROJECT BACKGROUND......................................................................................................................6
 
SST Background Information....................................................................................................................................7
 
 ALTERNATIVE FUELS / PROPULSION TECHNOLOGIES SUMMARY.................................................9
 
Literature Review Sources........................................................................................................................................9
 
Comparable Transit Agencies...................................................................................................................................9
 
Electrification of Accessories..................................................................................................................................10
 
Diesel.......................................................................................................................................................................10
 
Diesel / Electric Hybrid............................................................................................................................................12
 
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)............................................................................................................................14
 
Battery-Electric........................................................................................................................................................19
 
PROJECTED ENERGY PRICE ANALYSIS...........................................................................................23
 
 Analyzing the Forecasts..........................................................................................................................................24
 
Diesel.......................................................................................................................................................................25
 
Electricity.................................................................................................................................................................29
 
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)............................................................................................................................32
 
Conclusion...............................................................................................................................................................36
 
 ANALYSIS.............................................................................................................................................37
 
Bus Performance.....................................................................................................................................................37
 
Lifecycle Cost Analysis............................................................................................................................................39
 
Primary Decision Drivers.........................................................................................................................................43
 
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.......................................................................................47
 
Summary of Key Findings.......................................................................................................................................47
 
Summary of Alternatives.........................................................................................................................................48
 
Summary of Recommendations..............................................................................................................................48
 
IMPLEMENTATION...............................................................................................................................50
 
ENDNOTES............................................................................................................................................52
 
 APPENDIX
1.Alternative Fuel Research and Interview
 
 
Transit Alternative Fuel Systems Analysis
 
Steamboat Springs Transit
2013-359.001www.sgm-inc.comPage
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Project Team:
Project Manager:Dan Richardson, CEMSGM118 W. 6
th
Street, Suite 200Glenwood Springs, CO 81601970.384.9065 (direct line)danr@sgm-inc.comConsultants:Mike OgburnCLEER520 South Third Street, Suite 17Carbondale, CO 81623970.704.9200mogburn@cleanenergyeconomy.netOur team wishes to thank Chuck Anderson, Jonathan Flint and Lynn Wilhelmforsharing pertinent information and for providing critical feedback on our work. We also wish to thanktheSSTstaff for assisting us with this project.We also with to thank Steve Andrews, retired energy consultant, for providing peer review of the ‘Projected Energy Price Analysis’ section of this report; and John Gonzalez, Senior Engineer -Advanced Vehicle Deployment at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), who provided peer review of the entire report.
 
Cover Photo by Scott Franz, Steamboat Today

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