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Image Retrieval and Re-Ranking Techniques - A Survey

Image Retrieval and Re-Ranking Techniques - A Survey

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Published by sipij
There is a huge amount of research work focusing on
the searching, retrieval and re-ranking of images
in
the image database. The diverse and scattered work
in this domain needs to be collected and organized
for
easy and quick reference.
Relating to the above context, this paper gives a b
rief overview of various image retrieval and re-ran
king
techniques. Starting with the introduction to exist
ing system the paper proceeds through the core
architecture of image harvesting and retrieval syst
em to the different Re-ranking techniques. These
techniques are discussed in terms of approaches, me
thodologies and findings and are listed in tabular
form
for quick review.
There is a huge amount of research work focusing on
the searching, retrieval and re-ranking of images
in
the image database. The diverse and scattered work
in this domain needs to be collected and organized
for
easy and quick reference.
Relating to the above context, this paper gives a b
rief overview of various image retrieval and re-ran
king
techniques. Starting with the introduction to exist
ing system the paper proceeds through the core
architecture of image harvesting and retrieval syst
em to the different Re-ranking techniques. These
techniques are discussed in terms of approaches, me
thodologies and findings and are listed in tabular
form
for quick review.

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Published by: sipij on May 20, 2014
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05/20/2014

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Signal & Image Processing : An International Journal (SIPIJ) Vol.5, No.2, April 2014 DOI : 10.5121/sipij.2014.5201 1
I
MAGE
 R 
ETRIEVAL
 A 
ND
 R 
E
-R 
 ANKING
T
ECHNIQUES
- A S
URVEY
Mayuri D. Joshi, Revati M. Deshmukh, Kalashree N.Hemke, Ashwini Bhake and Rakhi Wajgi
Computer Technology Department, Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
 A
 BSTRACT
There is a huge amount of research work focusing on the searching, retrieval and re-ranking of images in the image database. The diverse and scattered work in this domain needs to be collected and organized for easy and quick reference.  Relating to the above context, this paper gives a brief overview of various image retrieval and re-ranking techniques. Starting with the introduction to existing system the paper proceeds through the core architecture of image harvesting and retrieval system to the different Re-ranking techniques. These techniques are discussed in terms of approaches, methodologies and findings and are listed in tabular form  for quick review.
 K 
 EYWORDS
 Image Retrieval, Re-ranking, MI learning, Ontology, Multi-latent vector.
1. I
NTRODUCTION
Image retrieval is a key issue of user concern. Normal way of image retrieval is the text based image retrieval technique (TBIR)[12]. TBIR-needs rich semantic textual description of web images .This technique is popular but needs very specific description of the query which is tedious and not always possible. Therefore generally the process of image search includes searching of image based on keyword typed. The process that occurs in the background is not so simple though. When query is entered in the search box for searching the image, it is forwarded to the server that is connected to the internet. The server gets the URL’s of the images based on the tagging of the textual word from the internet and sends them back to the client.
 
Signal & Image Processi
Figure 1The search engine thus navigate top ranked image which is the images. This is the technique of But it has certain drawbacks lik and irrelevant. This scenario ma user cannot be always sure of p has to surf many pages of image to the fast technology. Such pro to these factors of complexity, popularity in research sector. What can be done in this respect 1. Rerank the images obtained o 2. Use highly efficient clusteri perfect among them. 3. Use contents of image rather t 4. Use various concepts in comb The above mentioned factors ar are put forward for comparison. surely evolves the best out of th
ng : An International Journal (SIPIJ) Vol.5, No.2, April
. Working of Google search engine. [17] s through the pages and collects the images. It gives one with maximum number of hits from the user text based image retrieval system. e images obtained are many a time duplicated, of l y occur due to sparse and noisy textual query. Due rfect images being obtained in available time. Man s available to land at the perfect one. This possesses blems surface when user needs large database of i "image harvesting and retrieval" is a topic whi is as follows- client side and provide with top rank image. g algorithm to facilitate grouping of similar imag han url tagging to retrieve images from internet datination to get an excellent image retrieval system. reviewed throughout this paper and different detai Each method has certain limitations but trade off available study.
014 2
 
the client the and a set of ow precision, to this aspect a times user a great threat ages. So due h is gaining es and select base
 
ls and aspects etween them
 
Signal & Image Processing : An International Journal (SIPIJ) Vol.5, No.2, April 2014 3
 
2. L
ITERATURE
 S
URVEY
Figure 2. Architecture of image harvesting and re-ranking system [10] From the architecture diagram (Fig. 2) [10] an overview is obtained. Each module observed in the figure is a complex module having own ways of implementation and understanding. Exclusive factors of Digital image are used. The large image collection is subjected to feature extraction process where the attributes of the image both visual such as color, texture and shape and semantic such as intentional, clicks, labels etc. are extracted from the feature database using appropriate methods. The query image can be any of the popular formats. The query image is subjected to feature extraction process and query features are obtained. In similarity measurement process, the query’s feature is compared with the features stored in feature database. The distance between the two features is calculated and weights are determined. The output images are then sorted and ranked, so that most similar images can be displayed to the user. This system is based on the following functionalities and features: a) Extraction (i) Visual features If the entered query is "sunset", color should be the considered feature as color is the primary identifier. For "building" shape as a feature rather than color is appropriate. Whereas, for "snow" if color and shape is considered then differentiation between "snow" and "cotton" would become difficult for the system. Thus, texture will become the primary identifier for "snow" and not colour or shape.

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