Chapter 11Page 2 of 10
constantly making claims on one another and thegovernment.3.
No one group is likely to become too dominant
because when onegroup grows too powerful, its opponents are likely to intensify theirorganization and thus restore balance to the system.4.
Groups usually play by the “rules of the game,”
with few groups lying,cheating, stealing, or engaging in violence.5.
Groups weak in one resource can use another
; i.e., big business mayhave money on its side, but labor has numbers. Regardless, all legitimategroups are able to affect public policy.B.
argues that a few groups (mostly the wealthy) have most of thepower. (pp 326-327)1.
Elite theoristsmaintain the realpower ingovernment is heldby relatively fewpeople, key groups,and institutionslooking out forthemselves.2.
Elitists point tointerlocking andconcentrated powercenters. About one-third of top institutional positions – corporate boards,foundation boards, university trusteeships, and so on - are occupied by peoplewho hold more than one such position.3.
Power of multinational corporations causes consumer interests to be moreeasily pushed aside.4.
Honest lobbying is a problem because it benefits the few at the expense of themany.C.
asserts that too many groups are getting too much of what they want, resulting in a government policy that is often contradictory andlacking in direction. (pp. 327-328)1.
Theodore Lowi coined the phrase
interest group liberalism
(virtually allpressure group demands are legitimate and the job of the government is toadvance them all) to refer to government’s excessive deference to groups.2.
In an effort to appease every interest, government agencies proliferate, conflicting regulations expand, programs multiply, and the budget skyrockets
If cancer researchers convince the government to launch an antismoking campaign, tobacco sales may drop;