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2007 World Population Data Sheet

2007 World Population Data Sheet

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© 2007 Population Reference Bureau
2007 World PoPulation data Sheet
2
World’s 10 Largest Countries in Population
2007
CountryPopulation(millions)
China1,318India1,132United States302Indonesia232Brazil189Pakistan169Bangladesh149Nigeria144Russia142Japan128
2050
CountryPopulation(millions)
India1,747China1,437United States420Indonesia297Pakistan295Nigeria282Brazil260Bangladesh231Dem. Rep. of Congo187Philippines150
Developing Countries With the Highest and Lowest Sharesof Children Under Age 5 Who Are Underweight
Highest
CountryPercent
Afghanistan46India (under age 3)46Yemen46Niger44Bangladesh43East Timor41Burundi39Nepal39Sudan38Madagascar37
Lowest
CountryPercent
Grenada< 1Chile1Antigua and Barbuda2Argentina2Kuwait2Samoa2Georgia3Jamaica3Mexico3Palestinian Territory3Singapore3
Countries With the Highest and Lowest Life Expectancy
Highest
CountryYears
Japan82Australia81France81Iceland81Italy81Sweden81Switzerland81Austria80Canada80Israel80Malta80Netherlands80New Zealand80Norway80Singapore80Spain80
Lowest
CountryYears
Swaziland33Botswana34Lesotho36Zimbabwe37Zambia38Malawi40Angola41Afghanistan42Central African Republic43Mozambique43
 
© 2007 Population Reference Bureau
2007 World PoPulation data Sheet
3
World PoPulation HigHligHts
Levels o Income Inequality VaryAround the World.
The Gini index is the most common measure o income inequality. It isconstructed so that zero corresponds to perect income equality (thatis, everyone has the same income), while 100 corresponds to perectincome inequality (that is, one person has all the income while everyoneelse has none). The median value o the Gini index across the world’scountries is 39.The United States has a Gini index o 41, above the level o most indus-trialized countries and reecting its greater income inequality. Amongdeveloping countries, the Gini index varies rom below 40 (India, BurkinaFaso) to above 50 (Zambia, Bolivia). Greater income inequality is associ-ated with weakened social cohesion and worse health status. Incomeinequality appears to increase, at least in the short term, in countries thatare innovating and growing rapidly economically. Countries can inuencetheir levels o income inequality through policies aecting taxation, publictranser programs, education, and migration.
S
ource
:
World Bank, World Development Indicators, online database (http://publications.worldbank.org/WDI/, accessed May 25, 2007).
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 


Long a Problem in IndustrializedCountries, Obesity Is a Problemin the Developing World.
Globally, at least 1 billion adults are overweight (body mass index, orBMI, exceeding 25), with about 300 million o those adults consideredobese (BMI o 30 or greater). While obesity has long been a problemin industrialized countries, levels are rising in many developing coun-tries as well. For example, one-ourth o Mexican men and one-thirdo Mexican women are considered obese. Similarly, obesity rates are21 percent or Moroccan women and 35 percent or South Aricanwomen—signifcantly greater than the rates or women in many indus-trialized nations.
S
ource
:
World Health Organization, WHO Global InoBase Online, CountryComparable Data (http://inobase.who.int, accessed June 15, 2007).

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