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Table Of Contents

The “Folk Wisdom” View
The Problem of Legitimacy and the Problem of Extension
Scientism
The Structure of the Book
The Periodic Table Introduced
Ubiquitous Expertises
Expertises Involving Only Ubiquitous Tacit Knowledge
Expertises That Involve Specialist Tacit Knowledge
Contributory Expertise
Interactional Expertise
The Relationship of the Specialist Expertises
Interactional Expertise and Interactive and Reflective Ability
Acquiring Expertise: Five Kinds of Face-to-Face Knowledge Transfer
External Judgment: Ubiquitous Discrimination
External Judgment: Local Discrimination
Internal Judgments of Expertise and Their Problems
Technical Connoisseurship
Downward Discrimination: Peer Review and Its Variants
Referred Expertise
Meta-criteria: Criteria for Judging Expertises
Periodic Table of Expertises Summarized Again
Problems of Categorization
Social and Minimal Embodiment
Madeleine
The Prelingually Deaf
Interactional Expertise and Practical Accomplishment
A Note on the Body and Lenat
Procedure and Results: The Proof of Concept Experiments
Results
Conclusions on Color Blindness and Perfect Pitch
Interactional Expertise and Science
Overall Conclusion
Coda: The Editing Test
Demarcating the Sciences from Nonsciences
Demarcating Science from Politics
Demarcating Science from Pseudo-science
Differences between Wave Three and Wave Two
Differences between Wave Three and Wave One
P. 1
Rethinking Expertise

Rethinking Expertise

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Published by UChicagoPress

What does it mean to be an expert? In Rethinking Expertise, Harry Collins and Robert Evans offer a radical new perspective on the role of expertise in the practice of science and the public evaluation of technology.

Collins and Evans present a Periodic Table of Expertises based on the idea of tacit knowledge—knowledge that we have but cannot explain. They then look at how some expertises are used to judge others, how laypeople judge between experts, and how credentials are used to evaluate them. Throughout, Collins and Evans ask an important question: how can the public make use of science and technology before there is consensus in the scientific community? This book has wide implications for public policy and for those who seek to understand science and benefit from it.

“Starts to lay the groundwork for solving a critical problem—how to restore the force of technical scientific information in public controversies, without importing disguised political agendas.”—Nature

“A rich and detailed ‘periodic table’ of expertise . . . full of case studies, anecdotes and intriguing experiments.”—Times Higher Education Supplement (UK)

What does it mean to be an expert? In Rethinking Expertise, Harry Collins and Robert Evans offer a radical new perspective on the role of expertise in the practice of science and the public evaluation of technology.

Collins and Evans present a Periodic Table of Expertises based on the idea of tacit knowledge—knowledge that we have but cannot explain. They then look at how some expertises are used to judge others, how laypeople judge between experts, and how credentials are used to evaluate them. Throughout, Collins and Evans ask an important question: how can the public make use of science and technology before there is consensus in the scientific community? This book has wide implications for public policy and for those who seek to understand science and benefit from it.

“Starts to lay the groundwork for solving a critical problem—how to restore the force of technical scientific information in public controversies, without importing disguised political agendas.”—Nature

“A rich and detailed ‘periodic table’ of expertise . . . full of case studies, anecdotes and intriguing experiments.”—Times Higher Education Supplement (UK)

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Categories:Books, Social Science
Publish date: Sep 15, 2008
Added to Scribd: Nov 14, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780226113623
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