“War should be understood as an
armed conflict between political communities… Waris a phenomenon which occurs
between politicalcommunities, defined as those entities which either are states orintend to become states…(or) between rival groups orcommunities, like the American Civil War. Certain politicalpressure groups, like terrorist organizations, might also beconsidered “political communities,” in that they are associationsof people with a political purpose and, indeed, many of themaspire to statehood or to influence the development of statehoodin certain lands.”(Stanford) To legitimize the need for control of the state’s inhabitants, friendlysocieties, and enemies, war has become a study in ethics and often acontrast between collective and individual values. For the benefit of this study and for the purpose of my writing, I will highlight three areasof war ethics; “pacifism, rationalism, and the just war theory.”(Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). As a working interpretation of the three, I will use these ideas in the following manner; the Pacifistwould never see a reason for war, Rationalist can seemingly create areason for or against warfare at will, and the Just War theorist contendsthat warfare must follow a set of agreed upon standards for aggressionto be virtuous.
The Arts in War
The creation of war and subsequently the rules and standards forwarfare have also been influential in the realm of Literature and the