Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Integration of Aquaculture With Makhana

Integration of Aquaculture With Makhana

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3,630|Likes:
Published by Dr. Subhendu Datta
Makhana cultivation is a traditional practice in the rural belt of eastern India especialy in Northern Bihar. There is a good potentiality to uplift the rural economy by integrating aquaculture with Makhana and by crop diversification.
Makhana cultivation is a traditional practice in the rural belt of eastern India especialy in Northern Bihar. There is a good potentiality to uplift the rural economy by integrating aquaculture with Makhana and by crop diversification.

More info:

Published by: Dr. Subhendu Datta on Nov 14, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/15/2013

pdf

text

original

 
1
Integration of Carp culture with MakhanaIntegration of Carp culture with MakhanaIntegration of Carp culture with MakhanaIntegration of Carp culture with Makhana((((
Euryale ferox Euryale ferox Euryale ferox Euryale ferox 
Salisb.)Salisb.)Salisb.)Salisb.) –  ––  – A Route to Crop DiversificationA Route to Crop DiversificationA Route to Crop DiversificationA Route to Crop Diversification
Dr. Anand Mohan VermaReg. No. – PGDIF 114GuideDr. Subhendu DattaSr. ScientistPOST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN INLAND FISHERIES
Central Institute of Fisheries EducationKolkata centre32-GN Block, Sector V, Kolkata – 91, India
 
2
Integration of Carp culture with Makhana (
 Euryale ferox
Salisb.)– A Route to Crop Diversification
Introduction:
The word makhana is composed of two Sanskrit words – Makh, meansYajna and Anna, means grain. Due to its non-mentioning in Vedas, it isconsidered as non-indigenous in origin.It is an aquatic dry fruit with high nutritional value and medicinalproperties also. The edible pops are the finished products obtained afterthe processing of the seeds of this aquatic phytocrop. Makhana is majorcash crop of North Bihar.Makhana is called fox nut or Gorgon nut in English because its seeds arehard and nut like.Its scientific name is
Euryale ferox salisb.
Earlier scientific name of Makhana was
 Anislia spinosa.
It belongs to the family Nymphaeceae.Makhana is very delicious fruit and is called different names in differentstates.Sanskrit - MakhannMaithili - MakhanHindi - MakhanaBengali - MokhanaGujrati - MakhannaMarathi - MakhanoAsami - NikoriPunjabi & Kashmiri - JewarOrria - Kanti PadamTelgu - PadmanuIn my opinion Makhana can be called as ‘Black gems of Wetlands’.As far the distribution of Makhana plants is concerned it is found in naturalwild forms in various parts of north East India (Assam, Meghalaya,Tripura) and in scattered pockets of U.P. and Orissa. However, North Bihar
 
3
is the principal area where it is cultivated as cash crop. In North Biharabout 9 districts (Kishanganj, Araria, Purnia, Katihar, Supaul, Madhepura,Saharsa, Darbhanga and Madhubani.) witness the cultivation of Makhana.It is important aquatic bio-resource of North Bihar.
Life cycle and Cultivation
Makhana is a perennial rooted floating aquatic herb. In north Bihar it iscultivated as annual aquatic phytocrop. Its plant is large prickly withorbicular floating gigantic leaves. The size of leaves even more than 1 m.Plant is rooted with rhizomatous stem and cluster of roots. Leaves aregreen above and purple beneath. Flowers are violet in colour. Two types if flowers appear cleistogamous and chasmogamous. Fruits are spongy berrylike which undergo dehiscence to release the arillated seeds. Mucilaginousarils keep the seeds floating for few days. Seeds finally settle down to thebottom. Each Makhana plant produces 15-20 fruits and each fruit contains30-40 seeds.

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
RajaDeepak Verma liked this
jayantachaki liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->