Integration of Carp culture with Makhana (
Salisb.)– A Route to Crop Diversification
The word makhana is composed of two Sanskrit words – Makh, meansYajna and Anna, means grain. Due to its non-mentioning in Vedas, it isconsidered as non-indigenous in origin.It is an aquatic dry fruit with high nutritional value and medicinalproperties also. The edible pops are the finished products obtained afterthe processing of the seeds of this aquatic phytocrop. Makhana is majorcash crop of North Bihar.Makhana is called fox nut or Gorgon nut in English because its seeds arehard and nut like.Its scientific name is
Euryale ferox salisb.
Earlier scientific name of Makhana was
It belongs to the family Nymphaeceae.Makhana is very delicious fruit and is called different names in differentstates.Sanskrit - MakhannMaithili - MakhanHindi - MakhanaBengali - MokhanaGujrati - MakhannaMarathi - MakhanoAsami - NikoriPunjabi & Kashmiri - JewarOrria - Kanti PadamTelgu - PadmanuIn my opinion Makhana can be called as ‘Black gems of Wetlands’.As far the distribution of Makhana plants is concerned it is found in naturalwild forms in various parts of north East India (Assam, Meghalaya,Tripura) and in scattered pockets of U.P. and Orissa. However, North Bihar