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The Death of Jesus in the Gospel of Mark

The Death of Jesus in the Gospel of Mark

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,010 |Likes:
Published by Jon Swales
www.ordinand.wordpress.com
www.ordinand.wordpress.com

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Jon Swales on Nov 14, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/19/2011

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F`m Zsolbz, [qnmn{~ J`llbcb, 199>Yocb ?
Fbzrz# Kbo{e omk {eb [bgylb nm {eb C`zybl `h Goqd
Oaaqbxno{n`mz6A
naN Analnjol Nm{bqyqb{o{n`mAAQ Arllb{nm h`q Analnjol QbzboqjeJrAQ Jrqqbm{z nm Analnjol QbzboqjeB_Bxomcblnjol _roq{bql~E[Q Eoqxoqk [eb`l`cnjol QbxnbsFALF`rqmol `h Analnjol Ln{bqo{rqbF`z Om{- F`zbyerz,
 Om{nqrn{nbz `h {eb Fbsz
FZM[ F`rqmol h`q {eb Z{rk~ `h {eb Mbs [bz{ogbm{L[Ln{bqo{rqb omk [eb`l`c~ MNC[J Mbs Nm{bqmo{n`mol Cqbbd [bz{ogbm{ J`ggbm{oq~ M`x[ M`xrg [bz{ogbm{rg M[ZMbs [bz{ogbm{ Z{rknbzZM[ZGZZ`jnb{~ `h Mbs [bz{ogbm{ Z{rknbz G`m`cqoye Zbqnbz[KM[ [eb`l`cnjol Knj{n`moq~ `h {eb Mbs [bz{ogbm{[~mArl [~mkolb Arllb{nmSAJ S`qk Analnjol J`ggbm{oq~
Nm{q`krj{n`m
[eb yrqy`zb `h g~ qbzboqje nz {` buyl`qb, sn{enm {eb moqqo{nxb `h {eb c`zybl `h Goqd, {eb lnmd  ab{sbbm Fbzrz# kbo{e omk {eb [bgylb- [enz lnmd nz jlboql~ {` ab zbbm o{ {eb zrqhojb lbxbl `h {eb yozzn`m moqqo{nxbz sebqb {eb [bgylb omk {eb jq`zz oqb hrzbk {`cb{ebq nm {eb jl`znmc z{ocbz `h {eb Goqdom moqqo{nxb- H`q nmz{omjb, Fbzrz o{ enz {qnol, senje lbokz knqbj{l~ {` enz bubjr{n`m, nzholzbl~ ojjrzbk `h zo~nmc {eo{ eb s`rlk kbz{q`~ {eb [bgylb zomj{roq~ % ηοη. omk qbylojb n{
 sn{e om`{ebq %?;625.- [enz ojjrzo{n`m nz qbybo{bk krqnmc {eb jqrjnhnun`m nm {eb h`qg `h g`jdbq~ %?261>. omk o{ {eb y`nm{ `h kbo{e {eb lnmd ab{sbbm Fbzrz# kbo{e omk {eb [bgylb nzgokb buylnjn{,
#h` o znmclb nmz{om{---- sb T{eb bokbW ob {omzylom{bk h`g C`lc`{eo {` {eb[bgylb obo, omk {ebm aojd {` C`lc`{eo# 
?
sebm {eb xbnl `h {eb [bgylb soz {`qm %ϊσΠϊεγ. nm
 {s` %?26:5.-N{ go~ ab zrccbz{bk {eo{ {eb lnmd ab{sbbm Fbzrz# kbo{e omk {eb [bgylb nz zngyl~ yoq{ `h {eb yqb'Goqdom {qokn{n`m senje eok abbm eomkbk k`sm {` Goqd omk {eo{ n{ nz m`{ om bzzbm{nol yoq{`h enz `sm ln{bqoq~ omk {eb`l`cnjol j`mjbqmz- N snll oqcrb, nm {enz yoybq, {eo{ {enz nz nm hoj{ m`{
?Q- E- Lnce{h``{,
[eb C`zybl Gbzzocb `h Z{- God 
%@uh`qk, Jloqbmk`m, ?>29., 22-
 
{eb jozb omk {eo{ Goqd, oz o jqbo{nxb {eb`l`cnom omk sn{e ln{bqoq~ zdnll, eoz z` zeoybk enzmoqqo{nxb {eo{ {eb krol {ebgbz `h {eb [bgylb omk {eb kbo{e `h enz gonm jeoqoj{bq, oqb, {` `mbkbcqbb `q om`{ebq, nm{bq{snmbk omk o db~ ozybj{ `h enz yqbzbm{o{n`m- Nm zryy`q{ `h g~ {ebznzsb zeoll l``d o{ {s` ln{bqoq~ kbxnjbz senje oqb abnmc rzbk a~ Goqd, %n. {eb qblo{n`mzeny ab{sbbm {eb yq`l`crb omk {eb `xbqoll Goqdom z{qrj{rqb %nn. omk {eb yoqollblz ab{sbbm Goqd ?:omk {eb Yozzn`m Moqqo{nxb- Oz sbll oz buyl`qnmc {ebzb ln{bqoq~ {ebgbz sb zeoll olz` buognmb, aqnbhl~, {eb %nnn. {ebgb `h {qnarlo{n`m nm Goqd senje lnmdz {`cb{ebq, nm om `xbqoqjenmcbzjeo{`l`cnjol moqqo{nxb, Fbzrz# kbo{e omk {eb [bgylb-
Gb{e`k`l`c~ 
Abh`qb k`nmc {enz n{ nz mbjbzzoq~ {` zo~ z`gb{enmc oa`r{ g~ `sm gb{e`k`l`cnjol oyyq`oje- Nh`ll`s o moqqo{nxb'z~mjeq`mnj oyyq`oje {` {eb c`zybl `h Goqd senje h`jrzbz `m {eb hnmol h`qg`h Goqd omk yo~z, nm {eb jozb `h {enz yoybq, ln{{lb nm{bqbz{ {` {eb knojeq`mnj j`mjbqmz `h z`rqjb`q qbkoj{n`m jqn{njnzg
1
- [enz nz m`{ {` kbm~ {eo{ {ebqb nz om~ enz{`qnjol aoznz {` {eb c`zybl, ar{ nz{` bgyeoznzb {eo{ {eb hnmol h`qg nz, 
#j`gylb{b nm n{zblh m`{ `ml~ oyo{ h`g bhbbmjb {` {eb enz{`njol bxbm{z `m senje n{ nzaozbk ar{ olz` oyo{ h`g {eb `{eb c`zyblz, senje ob olz` or{`m`g`rz z{`nbz oa`r{  Fbzrz----- sb mbbk {` bok God#z c`zybl g`b jobhrll~ oz o zblh zrhhnjnbm{ z{`~-
:
 Ol{e`rce {eb {bu{ nz {` ab qbok z~mjeq`mnjoll~ {enz nz m`{ {` gbom {eo{ n{z gbomnmc nz rmj`xbqbk yrqbl~ {eq`rce o zbrbm{nol qboknmc `h {eb {bu{- N snll m`{ h`ll`s Z{olb~ 
;
se` ablnbxbz {eo{ y`z{'Cr{bmabqc qbokbqz eoxb knz{`q{bk qboknmcz `h {eb {bu{ nm abnmc oalb {` hlnjd aojd omkh`qsoqk nm {eb {bu{- Nm j`m{qoz{ {` {enz Z{olb~ yq`y`zbz {eo{ {eb C`zyblz ze`rlk `ml~ ab qbok nmo zbrbm{nol lnmboq gommbq- N j`mjbkb {eb `axn`rz y`nm{ {eo{ qboknmc, bzybjnoll~ `h moqqo{nxbz oz`yy`zbk {` qbhbqbmjb a``dz, ze`rlk ab qbok zbrbm{noll~, ar{ {enz k`bz m`{ qrlb `r{ nm n{zblh {eb
1[eb h`ll`snmc oq{njlb knzjrzzbz, hq`g om @lk [bz{ogbm{ ybqzybj{nxb, {eb qblo{n`mzeny ab{sbbm z~mjeq`mnj omkknojeq`mnj oyyq`ojebz {` {eb {bu{- @mb k`ra{z seb{ebq {eb {eb om{n'{ebznz nz qboll~ oz cqbo{ oz {eb or{e`q zrccbz{z- Y- Q- M`abl, “Z~mjeq`mnj omk Knojeq`mnj oyyq`ojebz {` Analnjol Nm{bqyqb{o{n`m,‗
 L[ 
3, m`- 1 %?>>:.6?:9'?;54 Z~mjeq`mnj omk Knojeq`mnj oyyq`ojebz {` {eb {bu{ z{rk~ {eb zogb `afbj{ sn{e knhhbqbm{ {``lz omk ybqzybj{nxbz-#Ebqb {eb oyyq`oje {` {eb {bu{ jom ab lndbmbk {` buognmnmc om `qnbm{ol qrc- [eb z`rqjb omk qbkoj{n`mjqn{njz l``d o{ {eb rmkbqznkb `h {eb qrc {` hnmk zbogz omk ylojbz sebqb knhhbqbm{ z`rqjbz oqb {eqbokbk{`cb{ebq, sebqboz {eb moqqo{nxb jqn{nj l``d o{ {eb `{ebq znkb `h {eb qrc {` knzjbqm {eb yo{{bqmz omk rmn{~{eo{ eoxb abbm s`xbm `r{ `h knhhbqbm{ z`rqjbz#[- J- Cqo~, “Fbzrz omk {eb [bgylb6 [eb Moqqo{nxb Q`lb `h {eb [bgylb nm {eb C`zybl `h Goqd‗ %Ye-K- knzz-, [ebJo{e`lnj Rmnxbqzn{~ `h Ogbqnjo, 1998., ?89-:K`molk Gnjenb omk Koxnk Qe`okz,
God oz o Z{`~6 Nm{`krj{n`m {` {eb Moo{nxb `h o C`zybl 
%OrczarqcH`q{qbzz, ?>51., : -;F- L- Z{olb~,
[eb Ynm{#z Hnz{ Dnzz6 O Qeb{`njol Nmxbz{nco{n`m `h {eb Ngylnbk Qbokb nm {eb H`r{e C`zybl 
%Zje`loqz Yqbzz, ?>52.4 sn{e zbqn`rz zbqn`rz omk z~gyo{eb{nj knzjrzzn`m nm Yb{bq G- Yenllnyz,
[eb Y`l`crb `h {eb H`r{e C`zybl 
%J`m{nmrrg Nm{bqmo{n`mol Yralnzenmc Cq`ry, 1998.-
 
F`m Zsolbz, [qnmn{~ J`llbcb, 199>Yocb : y`zn{nmc `h om nkbol qbokbq se` nz oalb {` z{rk~ {eb {bu{z nm o lnmboq, omk m`m lnmboq gommbq-
2
 Om`m'lnmboq qboknmc jom bmeomjb {eb oanln{~ {` j`gyoqb omk j`m{qoz{ xoqn`rz yoq{z `h {eb {bu{‛ {eb qbokbq nz oalb {` g`xb a`{e h`qsoqk omk aojd‛omk jom kbxbl`y
nm{b{bu{rol 
omk
nm{o{bu{rol 
y`{bm{noln{nbz {eq`rce grl{nylb qboknmcz-Goqd, oz sb zeoll zbb, eoz rzbk {bjemnrbz `h a`{e nm{bq{bu{roln{~ omk nm{qo{bu{roln{~Nm{bq{bu{roln{~ qbhbqz {` {eb lnmdz senje anmk o {bu{ {` `{ebq {bu{z, senje g`z{ m`{oal~ nm Goqd nz enz rzb `h {eb @lk [bz{ogbm{-- @m {eb `{ebq eomk Goqdom nm{qo{bu{roln{~, senje sb zeoll zbbnm `rq knzjrzzn`m `h Goqd ?: omk {eb yozzn`m moqqo{nxb, nmx`lxbz {eb nm{bqmol qblo{n`mzenyzsn{enm {eb c`zybl `h Goqd- Qbjbm{ zje`loqzeny, oz sb zeoll zbb, nz qnce{l~ g`xnmc nm {ebknqbj{n`m `h zbbnmc Goqd oz o jqbo{nxb or{e`q nm enz `sm qnce{ se` jom j`ggrmnjo{bbhhbj{nxbl~ rznmc o snkb qomcb `h j`gylbu omk zra{lb ln{bqoq~ oyyq`ojebz-
8
N. Yq`l`crb omk Z{qrj{rqb nm {eb A``d `h Goqd
Nm omjnbm{ ln{bqo{rqb {eb yq`l`crb `h o a``d j`rlk `hhbq, {` {eb qbokbq `q lnz{bmbq, nm o s`qlksn{e`r{ o #j`m{bm{z yocb# `q alrqa `m {eb aojd j`xbq, om okxomjb soqmnmc `h seo{ nz j`m{onmbknm {eb h`ll`snmc yocbz `h {eb ln{bqoq~ s`qd- B- Eoqqnz zrgz ry ebq qbzboqje `m yq`l`crbz nm {eb
2Zngnloql~ Yb{bqz`m kbzjqnabz {eb g`xbgbm{ #aojd omk h`q{e {eq`rce o {bu{#,#Yoqollblnzg nm{bqqry{z {eb gbqbl~ zbrbm{nol hl`s `h j`m{bm{ {eq`rce o z~z{bgo{nj qbyb{n{n`m {eo{qbrnqbz qbokbqz omk eboqbqz {` g`xb h`q{e omk aojd {eq`rce {eb {bu{ qo{ebq {eom zngyl~ z{qonce{{eq`rce n{- @mjb o yoqollbl nz knzjbqmbk n{ abj`gbz mbjbzzoq~ {` yorzb, e`sbxbq g`gbm{oqnl~, omkz~m{ebznvb {eb qblo{n`mz ab{sbbm {eb yoqollblz abh`qb g`xnmc h`qsoqk {eq`rce {eb {bu{-# M`qgom Q- Yb{bqzbm, “[eb J`gy`zn{n`m `h Goqd ;6?'5618,‗
 E[Q
3:, m`- ?/1 %Oyqnl ?>59.6 19;- Nm o zngnloq so~xom Nbzqbl, oh{bq zdb{jenmc `r{ o jenoz{nj z{qrj{rqb `h Goqd, kbzjqnabz o jnqjrloq oyyq`oje {` {bu{ senje nz yqbzbm{ol`mcznkb {eo{ `h {eb zbrbm{nol-#O jnqjrloq j`mz{qrj{n`m `ybqo{bz {eb `{ebq so~ q`rmk T{` {eb zbrbm{nol lnmboq qboknmcW- [eb qbokbq k`bzm`{ abj`gb osoqb `h n{z yqbzbmjb rm{nl eb `q zeb eoz yozzbk {eb jbm{qb `h {eb j`mz{qrj{n`m omk abcnmz {`qbj`cmnzb {eo{ {eb j`gy`mbm{z h`ll`snmc {eb jbm{qb j`qqbzy`mk nm qbxbqzb zbrbmjb {` {e`zb yqbjbknmc n{-Sebmbxbq {eb j`mz{qrj{n`m nz qbj`cmnzbk, {eb qbokbq nz nmxn{bk {` l``d aojd {` seo{ eoz abbm qbok omkj`mmbj{ {eb qblo{bk blbgbm{z-#xom Nbqzbl, Aoz G- H-6
God 6 O Qbokb'Qbzy`mzb J`ggbm{o~
- L`mk`m4 Mbs ^`qd 6 [([ Jloqd, 199; %FZM[?8;., Z- 528#Enz jqbo{nxb zdnll lnbz---- nm {eb so~ eb eoz zb{ nmjnkbm{z nm qblo{n`m {` boje `{ebq a~ gbomz `h {s`qblo{bk yq`jbzzbz `h oqqomcbgbm{- [eb hnqz{ nz {eb oqqomcbgbm{ `h {eb ybqnj`yob nm{` o lnmboq zbrbmjb{` h`qg o j`ebqbm{ yl`{ sn{e n{z `sm zyojb omk {ngb- [eb zbj`mk nz {eb oqqomcbgbm{ `h o j`gylbu sba`h qblo{n`mzenyz ab{sbbm nmjnkbm{z a~ {eb rzb `h o snkb qomcb `h j`gy`zn{n`mol, z{~lnz{nj omk ln{bqoq~{bjemnrbz6 qbyb{n{n`mol kbxnjbz, zrje oz {s`'z{by yq`cqbzzn`m, {eqbb'h`lk yo{{bqmz, qbn{bqo{n`m `h db~s`qkz4 yoqbm{eb{njol j`mz{qrj{n`mz, zrje oz nm{bqjoljo{n`mz, #nmzbq{n`mz#, hqognmc yozzocbz omk {eb rzb `h nmjlrzn`4 z~ggb{qnjol yo{{bqmz, oz zrje oz jenozgrz, qnmc j`gy`zn{n`m, omk yoqollblnzg4 {bjemnrbz `h h`qbzeok`snmc omk qb{q`zybj{n`m4 omk bu{bmznxb rzb `h {eb k~mognjz `h yoqoa`lnj zybbje, zrje oz q`lbqbxbqzol, yoqok`u omk nq`m~-#----N#Nm zrggoq~ moqqo{nxb jqn{njnzg eoz c``k cq`rmkz hq` qbcoqknmc eng ozom or{e`q `h j`mznkbqoalb ln{bqoq~ zdnll, se` qbcoqklbzz `h enz z`rqjbz, aboqz hrll qbzy`mznanln{~ h`q {ebzeoyb omk z{qrj{rqb `h {eb hnmol yq`krj{-#J- K- Goqzeoll,
 Hon{e oz o [ebgb nm God#z Moo{nxb
%ZM[ZGZ, 8;. 4 Jogaqnkcb %Jogaqnkcb Rmnxbqzn{~ Yqbzz,?>5>., 19'1?-

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