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Table Of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Overview
1.2 Objectives and Unique Aspects of this Research
1.3 Summary of Major Results and Conclusions
2 BACKGROUND
2.1 Aircraft Design Optimization – Purpose and Importance
2.2 Outline of Aircraft Design Process‡
2.3 Classical Aircraft Optimization Methods**
2.4 Historical Review of Engineering Optimization
2.5 Overview of Multidisciplinary Optimization (MDO)
• Finite Difference
2.5.1 Finite Difference
2.5.2 Implicit Function Theorem
2.5.3 Stepping Searches
2.5.4 Response Surface
2.5.5 Orthogonal Steepest Descent (Non-Gradient Stepping Search)
2.5.6 Monte Carlo
2.5.7 Random Walk
2.5.8 Simulated Annealing
2.5.9 Evolutionary Algorithm
2.5.10 Genetic Algorithm
2.5.11 Decomposition
2.5.12 Stopping Criteria
2.6 The MDO Realism Problem – Automating Aircraft Redesign
2.7 Observations Concerning Variables, Constraints, & MOMs
3 OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF RESEARCH
3.1 MDO Methodologies for Aircraft Conceptual Design
3.2 Procedures for Automated Aircraft Redesign
3.3 Validation Models and Limits of Research
4.1 Overview of Approach
4.2 Orthogonal Steepest Descent Search
4.3 Definitions and Operations for Chromosome-based Methods
4.3.1 Chromosome/Gene Bit-String Definition
4.3.2 Selection - MOM Weighting
4.3.3 Selection - Performance Penalty Function
4.3.4 Elitism and Replacement
4.3.5 Chromosome String Crossover
4.3.6 Mutation
4.3.7 Convergence Measure – Chromosome Bit-String Affinity
4.4 Monte Carlo Random Search
4.5 Genetic Algorithms
4.5.1 Roulette Selection
4.5.2 Tournament Selection (1v1)
4.5.3 Breeder Pool Selection
4.6 Evolutionary Algorithm – Best Self-Clones with Mutation
4.7 Hybrid Methods
4.8 Analysis Methods Used for Optimization
4.9 Test-Case Run Matrix
5.1 The Basic Six (or Five) Design Variables
5.2 Fuselage Fineness Ratio
5.3 Design Lift Coefficient (Wing)
5.4 Geometric Design Constraints
5.4.1 Fuselage Length and Diameter
5.4.2 Wingspan
5.4.3 Wing Geometry for Pitchup Avoidance
5.5 Net Design Volume
5.5.1 Definition Of Net Design Volume
5.5.2 Use Of Net Design Volume For MDO
6.1.1 Advanced Multirole Export Fighter
6.1.2 Civil Transport
6.1.3 Asymmetric Light Twin
6.1.4 Tactical UAV
7 RESULTS
7.1 Calibration Results: Orthogonal Steepest Descent Search
7.1.1 Advanced Multirole Export Fighter
7.1.2 Civil Transport
7.1.3 Asymmetric Light Twin
7.1.4 Tactical UAV
7.1.5 Comparison: 2-Variable OSD vs. Carpet Plot
7.2 Stochastic MDO Results
7.3 Hybrid Methods
7.4 Trade Studies of MDO Methods and Options
7.4.1 Measure of Merit Weighting
7.4.2 Alternative Crossover Schemes
7.4.3 Simulated Annealing
7.4.4 Elitism
7.4.5 Miscellaneous Trade Studies
7.5 Automated Aircraft Redesign Procedures
7.6 Net Design Volume
7.7 Geometric Constraints
7.8 Comments on Ease of Programming
8 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
9 APPENDICES
9.1 APPENDICE A – VARIABLES, CONSTRAINTS, & MOM’s
9.1.1 Recommended Design Variables
9.1.2 Recommended Design Constraints
9.1.3 Recommended Measures of Merit
9.2 APPENDICE B – AIRCRAFT ANALYSIS METHODS‡‡‡‡
9.2.1 Overview of RDS Aircraft Design Software
9.2.2 Aerodynamics & Stability
9.2.3 Weights
9.2.4 Propulsion
9.2.5 Cost
9.2.6 Performance
9.2.7 Sizing
9.2.8 Brief Survey of Other Aircraft Design Programs
9.3 APPENDICE C – TEST-CASE RUN MATRIX
9.4 APPENDICE D – SAMPLE CASE
10 REFERENCES
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Raymer Thesis Final Rev Low Res

Raymer Thesis Final Rev Low Res

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Published by Ramaleela Kannan
Thesis
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Published by: Ramaleela Kannan on May 21, 2014
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09/28/2014

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