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Preparation of Ldpe-bleached & Grafted Pulque Fiber Composite and Its Physicochemical Properties

Preparation of Ldpe-bleached & Grafted Pulque Fiber Composite and Its Physicochemical Properties

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Published by: Pavel Sayekat on Nov 15, 2009
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03/11/2013

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 PREPARATION OF LDPE-BLEACHED & GRAFTED PULQUEFIBER COMPOSITE AND ITS PHYSICOCHEMICALPROPERTIES
Shamim-Ara Pervin, Ayesha Akther Zaman and M. Maniruzzaman
 Department Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology Islamic University, Kushtia # 7003, BangladeshSubmitted to Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research
 Manuscript:
 Regular Articles
*To whom correspondence should be addressed.Dr. M. Maniruzzaman
 
Associate Professor
 Department Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology Islamic University, Kushtia # 7003, Bangladesh
Tel: +880-71-53029 Ext. 2455 Fax: +880-71-54400 e-mail:manir@kushtia.com
 
 PREPARATION OF LDPE-BLEACHED & GRAFTED PULQUE FIBERCOMPOSITE AND DEETEMINATION OF ITS PHYSICOCHEMICALPROPERTIES
SHAMIM-ARA PERVIN, M. MANIRUZZAMAN,
 Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, IslamicUniversity, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh
ABSTRACT
A simple hot press molding process was used to produce LDPE-Pulquefiber reinforced composites using LDPE (Low density polyethylene) andPulque fiber (raw, bleached and grafted with HEMA) varying the amountof fiber and LDPE. Various physical and mechanical properties weremeasured. The physical properties i.e., density is higher for composites of grafted fiber than that of raw and bleached fiber. Water absorption andmoisture content are higher for composites of bleached fiber. The tensileproperties i.e., stress-strain curve and UTS are high for composites of bleached fiber and increase with fiber addition to a maximum thendecreases or remains more or less constant. The flexural properties (flexural strength, tangent modulus and flexural strain) of composites of bleached fiber is higher than that of raw and grafted fiber composites andthese properties increase with the increase of fiber content to a maximumand then decrease or remains fairly constant.
INTRODUCTION
Materials property combinations and ranges have been, and are being,extended by the development of composite materials. . Compositematerials represent nothing but a giant step in the ever-constant endeavorof optimization in materials. Strictly speaking, the idea of the compositeis not a new or recent one. Nature is full of example wherein the idea of composite is used. The coconut, plum leaf is nothing but a cantileverusing the concept of fiber reinforcement. Wood is fibrous composite;cellulose fiber in lignin matrix. The cellulose fibers have high tensilestrength but are very flexible. While the lignin matrix joins the fiberfurnishes the stiffness. Natural fibers are a promising reinforcement touse in thermoplastic composites due to their low density and excellentmechanical properties. Further more the natural fibers such as sisal, jutehemp and flax are relatively cheap and obtained from renewableresources.
1
 For the manufacturing of reinforced composite materials, factors such asfiber content, fiber diameter, fiber length, void content matrix properties,
 
fiber-matrix bonding, fiber orientation and fiber properties are veryimportant as they determine the final properties of the natural fiberreinforced composite components.
2
Composite is used to facilitate the useof its constituent materials. Main constituent of our composite is LDPE(Low density polyethylene) with the addition of chemically modifiedsisal fiber composite, which is strong and improved in quality thanLDPE. The composite may be used as roofing materials, as well as forpartition and other commercial and domestic uses.
2
 
Incorporation with a natural fiber (sisal fiber), the polymeric matrixLDPE made our sample product. Heat and press molding process wasused which is a very low cost process than the other process forfabrication of composite. Here the temperature and pressure are the twomain parameters for the fabrication and the others are cooling time,additional pressure and retention time. Here the main drawback isconsumption of long time. The density of sisal fiber is greater thanmatrix. Through changing the parameters of the fabrication, optimumcondition for operation was decided, for the desired composite product.The intention of this thesis work is to achieve a natural fiber reinforcedcomposite with high mechanical properties using chemically modifiedshort
 Agave Atroverance
fiber as reinforcement and a Low density PolyEthylene (LDPE) as a polymer matrix.
3
 
Experimental
For composite preparation the chief raw materials used are LDPE,collected from local market and
 Agave Atroverance
, are collected fromrural area.Untreated (raw) light brown
 Agave Atroverance
fiber,bleached pulque fiber and 2-Hydroxy ethylmethacrylate (HEMA)modified or grafted pulque fibers were used as reinforcement agent. Inthe thesis work no coupling agent is used.The samples were prepared by several steps such as pulque fiber cutting(to get sized pulque bundles were cut into different length of 2-3 mm,average, with its help of a knife) the sized pulque were manually agitatedto make the pulque fiber loose with each other. This pulque kept at a dryenvironment for seven days for the partial removal of moisture. Thesamples were prepared by mixing, casting, curing and controlling,cooling and demolding.To evaluate the properties of prepared composite the following tests areperformed –1. Measurement of bulk density2. Water intake/Water absorption

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