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DBQ essay 4-21-09

DBQ essay 4-21-09



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Published by Michael Evans

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Published by: Michael Evans on Nov 15, 2009
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Benjamin Steephenson7
- S.SApril 22, 2009DBQ EssayBetween 1763 and 1775 the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies grewincreasingly tense. Taxation without representation was a fierce argument between the colonistsand the British. This essay describes the viewpoints of some influential people and numerousreasons why people supported a side of the argument. It is also stated different ways peoplereacted to certain events.George Greenville (Document 1), a Member of Parliament, stated on January 14, 1766that Great Britain is ultimately sovereign. Britain has supreme legislative power over thecolonies, and that includes the ability to tax the colonies. Greenville supported Great Britain’sside of the argument by presenting a big reason to tax the colonies. Greenville blames thecolonies for the national debt. Britain had to pay a large sum of money to protect the coloniesduring the French and Indian War. Now it is the colonies time to be called to pay for expenses.The colonies are part of England. In everything they are British. Dr. Samuel Johnson(Document 4) used this fact to support Parliament’s ability to tax the colonies. The colonists areentitled to all English rights. If the colonists are governed by English laws, regulated by Englishcouncil, and protected by the English army, shouldn’t they also pay English taxes?
King George III (Document 5) supported Parliament’s rights to tax by stating that theonly reason for the arguments is the traitorous view of the leaders in the colonies. The king saysthat the Great Britain is the freest society in the whole world. The people in the colonies should just change their views and should realize this truth. This would stop all the violence such as thatof the Boston Massacre.The reasons why Britain pursued its policies despite opposition revolved around the needfor money and the extent Great Britain would go for the money. Britain was in massive debt because of the colonists during the French and Indian War. No matter how hard the colonistsopposed, that money would need to be paid. Taxing the colonists was the easiest to get thatmoney, so Britain persisted in this method.George Washington (Document 3) supported the Patriot cause. He believes thatrepresentation is required to pass likes like the Intolerable Acts and the Townshend Acts.Parliament needs the colonies’ consent in the legislation of laws. He even says that “I think thatthe Parliament of Great Britain hath no more right to put their hands into my pockets, without myconsent, than I have to put my hands into yours for money.” Washington also stated thatrepresentation is a right the colonists had, but petitioning Parliament would degrade the purposeof that right. It would be like “asking a favor and not claiming a right.”Thomas Paine (Document 7) wrote the Crisis, a pamphlet that encouraged fighting for freedom. The crisis states that Britain rules with tyranny. One reason to fight against Britain isthat it was way too powerful. Britain even declared that they had the right to not only to tax, butto also bind the people in all cases whatsoever. Britain had complete political control over itscolonies and was abusing its power. The colonists were bound by Britain, giving a reason to fightfor freedom.

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