How Is Language Encouraged In Montessori Prepared Environment ?
Language lies at the root of that transformation of the environment that we callcivilization." How language encouraged in Montessori is prepared environment?
Language is acommunication system. It is truthful that we use language to communicate with others. However,language is much more than a communication system. The most recent thinking about the natureof language, suggests that language is first and leading a representational system; a system whichprovides us with the symbols we need to model for ourselves, to ourselves, inside our heads, theuniverse around us. This modeling, carried out using the symbols ("words") provided bylanguage, is commonly called "thinking." The communication function of language, whichallows us to represent things not only to ourselves but also to others as well, is an added benefit.
Language is the ability to understand conversation and a wish to express a person’s feelings andthoughts. It is a kind of difficulty which encloses a given human being corporation, and separatesit from all others. It also unites men and they develop and expand according to the need of their mind. It is through communication that human beings have cooperated with each other to solvecommon problems. This is through communication based on written and oral language in particular that each generation has passed on its accumulated wisdom to the next. “Language, wemay say, grow with human thought.”(Maria Montessori, The Absorbent Mind, p109). Thelearning of language is truly the child's most amazing intellectual achievement, and isremarkably skilled rapidly in a very short period of time. "By merely living and without anyconscious effort the individual absorbs from the environment even a complex cultural likelanguage." (Elizabeth G. Hainstock, the Essential Montessori, pg. 81).Based on Montessori’s observation, the range of periods of the child’s life show the samestages in the level reached and this applied to all the children throughout the world. With thereality of rules of language, a child can easily speak the language without difficulty. She stressedout that the child learns a language begins in the deepest dimness of his insensible mind, there itdeveloped. The understanding period for language occurs from birth to six years old. Thissensibility is short-lived and once gone it will never return. The language explosive happeningsand eruptions in his powers of expression the baby is aware that human voices from the mouthand they will cries differently for different needs and smiles when sees us, this things all willhappen from birth till 3 months old . While at about 4-6 months old they will start to babblingsounds more speech-like with many different sounds, including
while they willchuckles and laughs vocalizes excitement and annoyance, they also makes gurgling sounds whenleft alone and when playing with us, a child reach at this stage after a very huge attempt. Atabout 10 month old, Montessori believe that children may understood that there is purpose for the voices which coming out from mouth of a human. While during the going on month, the baby starts to understand the words spoken by the adult is intended to them. While at age of 1 thechild slowly begin to speak words on purpose and they also will try to imitate words taught bythe adult, while they also uses gestures to communication (waving, holding arms to be pickedup). Meanwhile at 18 months, the child realizes that each thing in the surroundings has name(noun). Therefore they will be able to indentify concrete noun. While during this period they willuse many different consonant sounds at the beginning of words and they also will useholophrases, which means use one word sentences to express the whole taught. At about 21months old, without difficulties they will learn the different type of noun, suffixes, prefixes andverbs.