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Anti Lock Brakes Report

Anti Lock Brakes Report

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Published by sangeethsreeni

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Published by: sangeethsreeni on Nov 15, 2009
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09/05/2013

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Seminar Report on
Anti-lock brakingsystem
 
Prepared by 
 
JYOTIRANJAN NAYAK 
 Jyotiranjan_541@yahoo.com
Introduction
An
anti-lock braking system (ABS)
is a safetysystem onmotor vehicleswhich prevents thewheels  from locking whilebraking.A rotating roadwheelallows the driver to maintainsteering control under heavy braking, by preventing alocked wheel orskid, and allowing the wheel tocontinue to forward roll and create lateral control, asdirected by driver steering inputs. Disadvantages of the system include increased braking distances undersome limited circumstances (snow, gravel, "soft"surfaces), and the creation of a "false sense of security" among drivers who do not understand theoperation, and limitations of ABS.
 
 
History
Anti-lock braking systems were first developed foraircraft in
, by theFrench automobileandaircraftpioneer,
, asthreshold brakingan airplane is nearlyimpossible
.
An early system was
'sMaxaretsystem, introducedin the
and still in use on some aircraft models.
A fully mechanical system saw limited automobile use inthe
in the
P99
 
racing car, the
and the experimentalall wheel drive 
Zodiac, but sawno further use; the system proved expensive and, inautomobile use, somewhat unreliable.
However, a limited form of anti-lock braking, utilizing avalve which could adjust front to rear brake forcedistribution when a wheel locked, was fitted to the
1964Austin
.
, together with the
,introduced a crude, limited production ABS system on the
1971
 Imperial. Called "Sure Brake", it was available forseveral years, and had a satisfactory performance andreliability record.
also introduced anti lock brakes on theLincolnContinental Mark IIIand theFord LTDstation wagon, called "Sure Trak" in
1975
.
 TheGermanfirms
had beenco-developing anti-lock braking technology since the1930s,and introduced the first completely electronic 4-wheelmulti-channel ABS system intrucksand theMercedes-Benz  S-Classin
1978
.
ABS Systems based on this more modern Mercedes designwere later introduced on other cars andmotorcycles.
introduced the "Trackmaster" ABS on theirCadillacmodels in
1971
as an option that was operationalon the rear wheels forRWDmodels
.

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