FM RADIO WITH VOICE ACTIVATED SWITCH
Many of the parts are fairly common and might already be in your junk box. Only certain component values are critical. The RF choke should be inthe range of 20 to 30 uh, although values from15 to 40 uh might work. Thetuning capacitor value is not critical, but if you use values below 50 pf youshould reduce or remove C1. The circuit is designed for the high impedancetype earphone. Normal earphones can be used, but the battery drain is muchgreater and the circuit must be changed. To use normal earphones, change R3to 180 ohms.
Q1 can be replace with any high-frequency N-channel JFET transistor, but only the2N4416, 2N4416A, and J310 have been tested. A MPF102 probably will work. C2 isnot too critical; any value from 18 to 27 pf will work. C7 is fairly critical. You canuse a .005 or .0047 uf, but don't change it much more than that.
Super regenerative detectors
super regenerative detector
is an amazing circuit invented by Armstrongthat uses a super regenerative amplifier. Understanding a super regenerativeamplifier is a bit involved. There are two basic types, self-quenched andexternally-quenched. Don't worry about the terminology; I simply want tostate that this discussion is for the self-quenched type.Here is how you make a super regenerative circuit. Choose a regenerativeamplifier circuit configuration that requires more current during oscillationsthan when not oscillating. Adjust the regenerative amplifier to oscillate. Add asmall circuit that uses the current of the amplifier to charge a capacitor whileoscillations are taking place. Once the capacitor is charged, the voltage on thecapacitor is used to kill the oscillations of the circuit. (Technically, thecapacitor voltage shifts the operating point of the amplifier to reduce its gainand stop the oscillations.) When the oscillations stop, the capacitor discharges(through a resistor). Once the capacitor is discharged, the oscillations beginagain.A super regenerative amplifier thus oscillates at two frequency. It oscillates atthe tuned frequency of the amplifier and it has this secondary stop-start-stop-start oscillation. If the primary oscillation is at 100 MHz, the secondary should be at about 30 KHz for optimal performance.. (Please email me if you havedetailed technical information on this frequency relationship.) Note that the 30KHz is above audio frequencies, so the listener does not hear any noiseassociated with either oscillation. The super regenerative technique does notwork well at lower radio frequencies because the optimal frequency of thesecondary oscillation ends up in the audio frequency range.
ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION