A process by which people, health services and agencies of thecommunity are brought together to
1. Learn about common problems
2. Identify these problems as their own
3. Plan the kind of action needed to solve these problems
4. act on this basisBENEFITS
1. It contributes to the establishment of an environment with differentcommunity resources – natural, institutional, technical, financial andhuman resources – and can function with maximum effectiveness.
2. It stimulates the various groups to examine their programs todetermine how well they are meeting their problems.
3. People are given a chance to study their problems, offer solutionsand give a chance to plan an action
4. As a result of this working together, a strong unity and coherence isdeveloped among various organizations and leaders of the communityrepresented so that they developed a feeling of responsibility formaking the program successful.
5. Community organization sets up action pattern to solve problems.PRINCIPLES IN COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION
1. Planning group needs to represent all people concerned and thediscussion must include people with technical knowledge of healthproblems.
2. Technique of asking questions is often important in developingcommunity organization and group discussion
3. Major discussion should be made by the entire group
4. Local factors and available personnel should be asked indetermining what types of organization is desirable and practicable.
5. Functions of an agency and members must be defined
6. A good organizational plan can succeed only when the people whooperate it will see its values which are compatible personally and notantagonistic professionally.PHASES OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZING
1. Preparatory Phase
2. Organizational Phase
3. Education and Training
4. Intersectoral Coordination Phase
5. Phase OutPREPARATORY PHASE
AREA OR SITE SELECTION
COMMUNITY STUDY OR SOCIAL INVESTIGATION
ENTRY TO THE COMMUNITY AND INTEGRATIONORGANIZATIONAL PHASE
SPOTTING OF POTENTIAL COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKER
SMALL GROUP BUILDING