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etudefctsالرياضيات جدع مشترك علمي

# etudefctsالرياضيات جدع مشترك علمي

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الرياضيات جدع مشترك علمي
الرياضيات جدع مشترك علمي

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01/04/2013

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http://arabmaths.ift.fr Moustaouli Mohamed
لاوﺪﻟا

ﺔﺳاردﺎﻬﻠﻴﺜﻤﺗ

وﺔﻴﻌﺟﺮﻣ

لاود

لﺎﻤﻌﺘﺳﺎﺑ
1-
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﺎﻴﻧﺎﻴﺒﻣ

ﻞﻴﺜﻤﺗ

و

ﺔﺳارد

2
:
f x ax
ﺚﻴﺣ

0
a

أ
-
ﺔﻠﺜﻣأ

*
ﺔﻳدﺪﻌﻟا

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻧ
f
ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟا

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻠﻟ

x
ﺑ

ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻤﻟا

ـ
( )
2
2
f x x
=

-
تاﺮﻴﻐﺗ

سرﺪﻧ

f
D
=

f
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺎﻬﺘﺳارد

رﺎﺼﺘﻗا

ﻪﻨﻣ

و

ﺔﻴﺟوز

ﺔﻟاد

[ [
0;
+∞

ﻦﻜﻴﻟ

و

y
ﻦﻣ

[ [
0;
+∞
ﺚﻴﺣ

x y

( ) ( )( )
2
f x f y x y x y
= +

ﻞﻜﻟ
x
و

y
ﻦﻣ

[ [
0;
+∞
ﺚﻴﺣ

y
:
( ) ( )
0
f x f y x y

نذإﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻳﺪﻳاﺰﺗ

[ [
0;
+∞

+∞
0
−∞

x
0
ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻣ
f
ﻲه

2
2
y x
=

f
ﺐﻴﺗارﻷا

رﻮﺤﻤﻟ

ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟﺎﺑ

ﻞﺛﺎﻤﺘﻣ

ﺔﻈﺣﻼﻣ

نﺎآ

اذإ
01
x
نﺎﻓ

2
022
x

نأ

ﻲﻨﻌﻳ

اﺬهءﺰﺟ
f
ﻰﻠﻋ

] [
0;1

ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟا

ﺖﺤﺗ
( )
:2
y x
=

نﺎآ

اذإ
1
x
نﺎﻓ

2
22
x

ءﺰﺟ

نأ

ﻲﻨﻌﻳ

اﺬه
f
ﻰﻠﻋ

] [
1;
+∞

ﻤﻟا

قﻮﻓ ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴ
( )
:2
y x
=

ﻢﻴﻘﻟا

لوﺪﺟ

2 32 1 12 0
x
8 92 2 12 0
( )
f x

f
ﻪﺳأر

ﻢﺠﻠﺷ

O
ﺐﻴﺗارﻷا

رﻮﺤﻣ

ﻞﺒﻘﻳ

ﻞﺛﺎﻤﺗ

رﻮﺤﻤآ
*
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

سردأ

ﻞﺜﻤﻟﺎﺑ
f
ﺚﻴﺣ

( )
2
12
f x x
=

ب
-
ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟا

ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻟا

ﺔﻳدﺪﻌﻟا

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻧ

f
ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟا

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻠﻟ

ـﺑ

ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻤﻟا

( )
2
f x ax
=
ﺚﻴﺣ

0
a

نﺎآ

اذإ

0
a

نﺎﻓ

+∞
0
−∞

x
0
f
ﻪﺳأر

ﻢﺠﻠﺷ

O
ﻞﺛﺎﻤﺗ

رﻮﺤﻤآ

ﺐﻴﺗارﻷا

رﻮﺤﻣ

ﻞﺒﻘﻳ

http://arabmaths.ift.fr Moustaouli Mohamed
نﺎآ

اذإ

0
a

نﺎﻓ

+∞
0
−∞

x
0
f
ﻪﺳأر

ﻢﺠﻠﺷ

O
ﻞﺛﺎﻤﺗ

رﻮﺤﻤآ

ﺐﻴﺗارﻷا

رﻮﺤﻣ

ﻞﺒﻘﻳ

ﻦﻳﺮﻤﺗ

( )
2
f x x
=

( )
2
12
g x x
=

( ) ( )
22
23
m x x h x x
= − =
1-
تاﺮﻴﻐﺗ

لوﺪﺟ

ﻂﻋأ
f
و

g
و

h
و

m
2-
ﻢﻈﻨﻤﻤﻟا

ﺪﻣﺎﻌﺘﻤﻟا

ﻢﻠﻌﻤﻟا

ﺲﻔﻧ

ﻲﻓﺊﺸﻧأ

و

g
و

h
و
m

2-
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﺔﺳارد
2
x ax bx c
+ +

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ

( )
;
x y
و

( )
';
X
و

ﻦﻴﺘﻄﻘﻧ

( )
;
u
α β

ﻰﻟا

بﻮﺴﻨﻣ

ىﻮﺘﺴﻣ

ﻲﻓ

ﺔﻬﺠﺘﻣ

ﻢﻠﻌﻣ
( )
;;
O i j

و

ﺔﻬﺠﺘﻤﻟا

تاذ

ﺔﺣازﻹا

u

( )
'
t M
=
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

'
M u
=


ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

X xY y
α  β
==

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ
X xY y
α  β
= += +

لﺎﺜﻣ
1
سرﺪﻨﻟ

ﺚﻴﺣ

( )
2
243
x x x
=

ـﻟ

ﻲﻧﻮﻧﺎﻘﻟا

ﻞﻜﺸﻟا

( )
f x
ﻮه

( )
2
2(1)5
x x
=

ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻣ
f
ﺪﻣﺎﻌﺘﻤﻟا

ﻢﻠﻌﻤﻟا

ﻲﻓ

( )
;;
O i j
ﻲه

2
2(1)5
y x
=
يأ

2
52(1)
y x
+ =

ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻧ

ﺔﻬﺠﺘﻤﻟا

تاذ

ﺔﺣازﻹا

( )
1;5
u

و

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ
( )
;
x y
و

( )
';
X
ﻦﻴﺘﻄﻘﻧ

ﻦﻜﻴﻟ
( )
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻣ

2
2
x x

نأ

ﻦﻴﺒﻨﻟ

f
ةرﻮﺻ

ﻮه

( )
ﺔﺣازﻹﺎﺑ

( )
'
t M
=
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ
15
X xY y
=+ =

( ) ( )
;
x y
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2
2
y x
=

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2
52(1)
Y
+ =

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

( )
( )
';
X Y

نذإ

( )
ةرﻮﺻ

ﻮه

( )
ﺔﺣازﻹﺎﺑ

نأ

ﺚﻴﺣو

( )
ﻢﺠﻠﺷ

ﻪﺳأر
( )
0;0
O
ﻪﻠﺛﺎﻤﺗ

رﻮﺤﻣ

و

نﺎﻓ

ﺐﻴﺗارﻻا

رﻮﺤﻣ
( )
ﻢﺠﻠﺷ

ﻪﺳأر
( )
'
t O O
=

يأ

( )
'1;5
O
ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا

اذ

ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟا

ﻪﻠﺛﺎﻤﺗ

رﻮﺤﻣ

و
1
x
=

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

نأ

ﺚﻴﺣ

و

2
2
x x
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻳﺪﻳاﺰﺗ

[ [
0;
+∞

ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻴﺼﻗﺎﻨﺗ

و
] ]
;0
−∞
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

نﺎﻓ

f
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻳﺪﻳاﺰﺗ

[ [
1;
+∞
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻴﺼﻗﺎﻨﺗ

و

] ]
;1
−∞

تاﺮﻴﻐﺘﻟا

لوﺪﺟ

+∞
1
−∞

x
5-
ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا

ءﺎﺸﻧإ
3 2 1 0
x
3 3- 5- 3-
( )
x

http://arabmaths.ift.fr Moustaouli Mohamed
لﺎﺜﻣ
2
سرﺪﻨﻟ

f
ﺚﻴﺣ

( )
2
23
x x x
= + +

ـﻟ

ﻲﻧﻮﻧﺎﻘﻟا

ﻞﻜﺸﻟا

( )
f x
ﻮه

( )
2
(1)4
x x
= +

ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻣ
f
ﺪﻣﺎﻌﺘﻤﻟا

ﻢﻠﻌﻤﻟا

ﻲﻓ

( )
;;
O i j

ﻲه

2
(1)4
y x
= +
يأ

2
4(1)
y x
=

ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻧ

ﺔﻬﺠﺘﻤﻟا

تاذ

ﺔﺣازﻹا

( )
1;4
u

و

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ
( )
;
x y
و

( )
';
X
ﻦﻴﺘﻄﻘﻧ

ﻦﻜﻴﻟ
( )
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻣ

2
x
→ −

نأ

ﻦﻴﺒﻨﻟ

ةرﻮﺻ

ﻮه

( )
ﺔﺣازﻹﺎﺑ

( )
'
t M
=
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ
14
X xY y
==

( ) ( )
;
x y
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2
y x
= −

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2
4(1)
Y
=

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

( )
( )
';
X Y

نذإ

( )
ةرﻮﺻ

ﻮه

( )
ﺔﺣازﻹﺎﺑ

نأ

ﺚﻴﺣو

( )
ﻢﺠﻠﺷ

ﻪﺳأر
( )
0;0
O
رﻮﺤﻣ

و

نﺎﻓ

ﺐﻴﺗارﻻا

رﻮﺤﻣ

ﻪﻠﺛﺎﻤﺗ
( )
ﻢﺠﻠﺷ

ﻪﺳأر

( )
'
t O O
=
يأ

( )
'1;4
O
ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟا

ﻪﻠﺛﺎﻤﺗ

رﻮﺤﻣ

و

ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا

اذ
1
=

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

نأ

ﺚﻴﺣ

و

2
x
→ −
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻴﺼﻗﺎﻨﺗ

[ [
0;
+∞

ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻳﺪﻳاﺰﺗ

و
] ]
;0
−∞
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

نﺎﻓ

f
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻴﺼﻗﺎﻨﺗ

[ [
1;
+∞
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻳﺪﻳاﺰﺗ

و

] ]
;1
−∞

تاﺮﻴﻐﺘﻟا

لوﺪﺟ

+∞
1
−∞

x
4
ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا

ءﺎﺸﻧإ

( )
0
f x
=
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

1
= −
وأ

3
x
=
4 2 1 0
x
5- 3 4 3
( )
x

ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟا

ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻟا
2
ax bx c
+ +
ﺚﻴﺣ

0
a

طﺎﺸﻧ

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ

f
ﺔﻟاد

ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ
ـﺑ

( )
2
f x ax bx c
= + +
ﺚﻴﺣ

( )
3
;;
a b c
و

0
a
1 /
ـﻟ

ﻲﻧﻮﻧﺎﻘﻟا

ﻞﻜﺸﻟا

ﻂﻋأ
f
2 /
ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا

نأ

ﻦﻴﺑ
( )
f
ﻮه

ةرﻮﺻ

ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا
( )
ﺔﻟاﺪﻠﻟ

ﻞﺜﻤﻤﻟا

2
x ax
ﺔﺣازﻹﺎﺑ

ﺔﻬﺠﺘﻤﻟا

تاذ

;22
b bu f  a a

ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻃ

ﺞﺘﻨﺘﺳا

و

( )

دﺪﻌﻟا

ﻖﻓو

تاﺮﻴﻐﺗ

لوﺪﺟ

ﻂﻋأ

ﻢﺛ

a