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Gender Discrimination in Work Place

Gender Discrimination in Work Place

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Published by rockinkrishh
this essay is about gender discrimination in work place
this essay is about gender discrimination in work place

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Published by: rockinkrishh on Nov 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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GenderDiscrimination at Work Place
Ram Krishna Sahu08BS0002579
The beginning of the 21
century brought with it a spate of problems for the world's largest retailer Wal-Mart. The company found itself facing one of the biggest lawsuits ever in the historyof the US. Wal-Mart was charged with discrimination against its female employees incompensation, promotions and job assignments in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) . The plaintiffs alleged that Wal-Mart mistreated women in various ways: theyearned much less than their male counterparts even when they had more experience than men or  performed better than them. In June 2001, a former Wal-Mart employee, Betty Dukes (Dukes),had filed a case accusing the company of 'sex discrimination in promotions, training and pay.Many more employees joined Dukes, and by May 2003, the case had taken the shape of a classaction suit after the plaintiffs asked a Federal Judge to allow the case to proceed on behalf of more than 1.5 million women. Wal-Mart had for long been accused of not treating its femaleemployees in a socially responsible manner. A study of Wal-Mart's own employee data(conducted by some experts hired by the plaintiffs) revealed that women had been discriminated against in many instances. Even the company's internal memos revealed that Wal-Mart was far behind its competitors in promoting women at the workplace. 
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is asociological termreferring to treatment taken toward or against a person of acertain group that is taken in consideration based on class or category. Gender discriminationrefers to beliefs andattitudesin relation to thegender of a person. It is defined as adverse action against another person that would not have occurred had the person been of another sex. It is the practice of letting a person's sex unfairly become a factor when deciding who receives a job, promotion, or other employment benefit. It most often affects women who feel they have beenunfairly discriminated against in favor of a man.
Types of Gender Discrimination
There are two main categories of gender discrimination:
Disparate treatment
Disparate impactThe first category,
disparate treatment 
, is simply treating an employee differently (disparately) because of her or his gender. For example - an employee may be discriminated against by beingasked discriminatory questions during a job interview, anemployer did not hire, promote or wrongfully terminated an employee based on his or her gender, or employers pay unequally based on gender.
 Disparate impact 
is a more complex concept. It regards company policies or practices thatexclude persons of one gender from a job or from promotions although the policy or practice wasnot designed to do so. There is a disparate impact on one gender. An example is the policy of many fire departments that had strength requirements for hiring firefighter that far exceeded thestrength needed by an individual to work effectively as a firefighter. Such excessive strengthrequirements had a disparate impact on women, many of whom had enough strength to be a goodfirefighter, but not enough strength to meet the department's requirement.
 Discrimination at work 
can come from either the employee of from the colleague side.Discrimination by colleagues can happen to new employees. They may face sarcastic stares or constant digs made at them by their colleagues during initial weeks. However, if it persists for along time, it can affect not only the employee but also the employer. The effect on the employeecan be huge or meager but the impact on organization remains for a longer time. An employeewho is being discriminated witnesses non cooperation from peers and negative feedbacks formsubordinates. Discrimination leads to psychological and emotional disturbance, resulting indemoralization and descend in performance standards. It brings down the overall performance,and fuels more discrimination, which in turn increases the number of gaps in one's work further.Discrimination at workplace also affects the society. The socio-economic inequalities getwidened and social cohesion and solidarity are eroded. It results in wastage of human talent andresources. The main indicator which indicates that gender discrimination has occurred in thehiring process involves the qualifications of the job applicants. While a slight difference inqualifications between a female and a male candidate does not automatically indicate gender bias(if a lesser qualified male candidate is hired instead of a female candidate, that is), adrastic difference in qualifications has almost always been upheld by the courts as a sure sign of gender 

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