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International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) - Police Chiefs Guide to Immigration Issues (July 2007)

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) - Police Chiefs Guide to Immigration Issues (July 2007)

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Published by: J Cox on Nov 15, 2009
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02/24/2014

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A Project Response Publication of 
The International Association of Chiefs of Police
July 2007
 
 
2
Key Terms
The following key terms will be used throughout this Project Response report:
Alien
A person who is not a national or citizen of the United States.
Alien Absconders
A fugitive remaining in the United States after an immigration judgehas ordered them deported.
Citizen
A native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a governmentand is entitled to protection from it.
Criminal Alien
Aliens who have committed crimes that make them eligible to beremoved from the United States.
Foreign National
A person who is not a Canadian citizen or permanent United States
 
resident.
 Illegal Alien
The official term in legislation and the border patrol for a person who
 
has entered the country illegally and is deportable or is residing in theUnited States illegally after entering legally (for example, using atourist visa and remaining after the visa expires).
Undocumented Immigrant
  Any person of another country who has entered or remained in the
 
United States without permission and without legal status.
Immigrant
Any person who is residing in the United States as a legally
 
recognized and lawfully recorded permanent resident.
Sanctuary Cities
Cities/Officials that have adopted policies prohibiting city employees,
 
including law enforcement officials, from notifying federal authoritiesof the presence of illegal aliens living in their jurisdictions. Adoptionof an unofficial “don’t ask” policy.
Xenophobia
Fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners or of anything that is
 
strange or foreign.
 
 
3
July 2007Dear Colleague:I am pleased to provide you with this copy of a
Police Chiefs Guide to Immigration Issues
 a Project Response publication by the International Association of Chiefs of Police(IACP).Project Response reports are designed for police leaders. They focus on the coredimensions of a critical issue, summarize the contemporary response to the issue, andprovide guidance concerning best policies and practices in the issue area.This Project Response report focuses on the issue of immigration and the current issuesconfronting federal, state, tribal and local law enforcement agencies within the UnitedStates of America. The IACP certainly recognizes that immigration poses challenges for law enforcement agencies in many nations throughout the world. It is our hope that theissues and guidance presented in this document will prove to be a useful tool for allreaders.The IACP is well aware of the controversy surrounding the question of whether state,tribal and local law enforcement should be involved in the enforcement of federalimmigration law. This document is not intended to rule on this fundamental philosophicalquestion. It is the IACP’s belief that the question of state, tribal or local law enforcement’sparticipation in immigration enforcement is an inherently local decision that must be madeby a police chief, working with his or her elected officials, community leaders and citizens.This Project Response document provides police chiefs with an overview of the issuessurrounding immigration, both legal and illegal, provides background information on thecurrent resources available to law enforcement, and examines the concerns andobstacles that currently surround the debate over immigration enforcement by the state,tribal, and local law enforcement community. We hope it will promote informed decisionmaking as police leaders throughout the United States continue to confront this issue.Sincerely,Joseph C. Carter President

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