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Daniel Bear Paw Mitchell

Daniel Bear Paw Mitchell

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A profile of Dan Mitchell of Fort Peck. He was a plains hunter and interpreter.
A profile of Dan Mitchell of Fort Peck. He was a plains hunter and interpreter.

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Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on May 23, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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06/09/2014

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Daniel E. Ma-To-Na-Pa "Bear Paw" Mitchell.
(1864 -1940)By Margaret Robinson and Lawrence BarkwellMargaret Robinson writes:My ot!er" Rose Mary Mitc!ell (enrolled at #t$ %eck) &assed away in '008 and   began working on or *aily !istory w!en s!e was ill$ +!e lo,ed or ati,e *aily !istory and it was always well known t!at .ol$ /a,id /awson Mitc!ell was in or lineage$ owe,er"  didnt know t!e Metis *actor in or *aily !istory ntil  started doing t!e researc!$  a so t!ank*l t!at t!e Metis *aily lines were sa,ed t!rog! scri& docents$  a o* i2ed descent and w!en  learned abot t!e Metis  *elt a real connection$ My ot!er was 3ssiniboine" .ree (as  now know) and %aite (on !er aternal side)$ +!e arried an ris!an" y *at!er %al .lark" so !a,e always !ad t!at dal !eritage$  a t!ank*l to !a,e t!e o&&ortnity to s!are or *aily !istory and in &articlar" y great grand*at!er" /aniel /an5 Mitc!ell$ disco,ered t!e .ree lineage bot! *ro /ans aternal and &aternal sides$ /ans ot!er" sabelle +t$ erain" was listed as a i2ed .ree ndian in an 1886 ndian censs docent as well as ot!er &laces$ +!e s&oke #renc! *lently$ is grand*at!er" .ol$ /a,id /awson Mitc!ell" arried5 a woan naed Marie /esc!a&s" also i2ed .ree$ er ot!er was a *ll blood .ree woan known as Mot!er /esc!a&s5 (s!e was arried to t!e in*aos #rancois /esc!a&s)$
Mot!er /esc!a&s" .ree (rig!t) by 7arl Boder$ %!oto cortesy o* iki&edia#ile: oan o* t!e +nake tribe and woan o* t!e .ree tribe$1
 
/an Mitc!ell li,ed in #ort %eck ost o* !is li*e and  nco,ered a lot o* interesting !istory abot !is li*e$ Be*ore o,ing to #ort %eck" /an li,ed wit! !is *aily on t!e &lains o* Manitoba$ /an !nted b**alo st like !is *at!er and traded *or t!eir li,ing$ 3 *ellow scot describes /an: e was like all t!e ot!er  breeds at t!at tie and was rnning b**aloes" !e was li,ing wit! !is *at!er at t!at tie" /a,id Mitc!ell$5 is *at!er" /a,id aka Bloody 7ni*e"5 described !is occ&ation in a scri& docent as a &lains !nter$ 3not!er *riend says !e knew /an *ro t!eir c!ild!ood in +t$ #rancois" Manitoba$!en /an was '1 years old" !e enlisted in t!e Royal .anadian Monted %olice (R.M%) as a scot and inter&reter$  disco,ered t!rog! .anadian arc!i,es t!at t!ere was a long battle between /an and t!e .anadian go,ernent o,er w!et!er !e ser,ed as a scot and inter&reter in t!e R.M% towards t!e end o* t!e Lois Riel o,eent$ !e .anadian go,ernent co&ensated soldiers and scots t!at ser,ed dring t!e &rising wit! eit!er oney or land ;Bonty +cri&<$ /an" like any o* !is *ellow scots" sog!t co&ensation$ !e go,ernent claied !e ne,er ser,ed" and /an claied !e did$ !e corres&ondence itsel* was &retty interesting and re*lected !ow t!e go,ernent t!og!t o* Metis &eo&le$ #or e2a&le" in a re&ort written by =$ %$ .aeron (R.M%)" !e writes" >t!ere is a c!ance t!at Mitc!ell" w!o a&&ears to be abo,e t!e ental standard o* t!e ot!er  breeds" ay !a,e been dece&ti,e in !a,ing t!ese breeds gi,e *alse stateents$5 also wondered w!et!er y great grand*at!er !ad a con*lict wit! ser,ing and  &atrolling t!e bondary line aong !is own &eo&le$ n t!e end" t!e go,ernent did not recogni?e !is ser,ice des&ite t!e lti&le witnesses and docentation !e  &ro,ided$ /aniel Bear %aw5 Mitc!ell was born on #ebrary '8" 1864 at inni&eg" Manitoba$ /an is t!e son o* /a,id =ose&! Bloody 7ni*e5 Mitc!ell (b$ May 1841" Missori" died circa 1900) and sabelle +t$ erain$ !ey arried on 3gst 18" 186' in +t$ #rancois @a,ier" Manitoba$ sabelle was t!e dag!ter o* #rancois +t$ erain (b$ 1A81) and Loise +acier dit .!atea$ sabelle +t$ erain was born on =ne 14" 1841 in +t$ #rancois @a,ier" and died on 3&ril " 19'9 in Roose,elt .onty" Montana$ sabelle was *irst arried to #rancois La#reniere in 18C9$ +!e t!en arried /a,id =ose&! Mitc!ell" t!e son o* /a,id /awson Mitc!ell and Marie /esc!a&s on 3gst 18" 186' at +t$ #rancois @a,ier$ +bseDently s!e arried Robert Brton on #ebrary ''" 190 at ol* %oint" Montana$/aniel Mitc!ell enlisted in t!e Royal .anadian Monted %olice 3&ril 1" 188C$ e t!en enlisted in t!e E+ 3ry on =ne 18" 1894$ 3*ter !is .anadian ser,ice" /an !ad o,ed to t!e #ort %eck area and arried an 3ssiniboine woan" Lla ar*ield$ e becae a E$+$ .iti?en and eber o* t!e #ort %eck 3ssiniboineF+io2 ribe$ /an Mitc!ell carried !isel* as an 3ssiniboine and was enrolled at #ort %eck" bt  only see t!e MetisF.ree lineage$  not sre i* !e was ado&ted in t!e tribe by arriage to !is 3ssiniboine wi*e G
'
 
or &er!a&s t!e .ree linage was closely related to t!e 3ssiniboine .ree +&eakers Band w!ic! !e claied to be associated wit!$ /an Mitc!ells *irst arriage was to Loisa or Lla a ya wa wi yan ar*ield in 1888 in ol* %oint" Montana$ e t!en arried inona 7oon inn Mitc!ell on 3&ril 8" 191 in %o&lar" Montana Roose,elt .onty$ e arried Mary or Hli?abet! /a&!ine on Ictober 4" 19' in %o&lar" Roose,elt .onty" Montana$
!is &!oto circa 1910 was &ro,ided by Margaret Robinson
1
$ /an Mitc!ell (on le*t)" is s!own wit! !is ot!er" sabelle +t$ erain Brton (centre)"and !is sister +ara! Mitc!ell .orc!ene (rig!t) !olding baby Roseary .orc!ene$
/an and !is *aily settled co*ortably into t!e #ort %eck area and !e ser,ed in t!e E$+$ 3ry as a &ri,ate in a co&any o* ndian scots in t!e /akota territories dring 1894$ e were told !e ser,ed as a scot *or eneral Miles w!ile in t!e E$+$ 3ry$ e later ser,ed as c!ie* o* t!e #ort %eck ndian &olice and agency inter&reter on t!e reser,ation$
1
 Margaret Robinson notes: is ot!er" sabelle +t$ erain is Metis" s!own in t!e black orning dress$ +!e was born in 1841 at +t$ #rancois @a,ier" Manitoba$ +!e was arried to /ans *at!er" /a,e Mitc!ell Bloody 7ni*e5$ /a,e Mitc!ell was t!e son o* well-known 3erican .ol$ /a,id /awson Mitc!ell" +&erintendent o* ndian 3**airs in +t$ Lois$ .ol$ Mitc!ell !ad a *ew contry5 wi,es and *at!ered c!ildren w!ile in t!e *r trade$ Ir line coes *ro t!e /esc!a&s *aily o* Manitoba" .anada$ .ol$ Mitc!ell arried5 Marie /esc!a&s" t!e dag!ter o* t!e in*aos #rancois /esc!a&s w!o killed .anadian go,ernor Robert +e&le in t!e Red Ri,er assacre o* 1816$ /esc!a&s *led to t!e Missori and was in t!e *r trade w!ere !e et .ol$ Mitc!ell at #ort Enion$

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