Soul-Lana Singhfact, in 1995 the Texas Legislature amended the Texas Education Code to include parent rightsand responsibilities. According to Chapter 26 of the Texas Education Code §4.001, “Parents will be full partners with educators in the education of their children (Walsh, Kemerer, & Maniotis,2007). The state cannot require all students to attend public schools, thus enabling the parents toright to choose where their children will be educated. Parents may send their children to public, private, or home schools.For the purpose of this report, we will present the case that relates to granting parents theright to choose which institution of learning their children will attend. The findings are intendedto be informative and beneficial in understanding the precedent set forth for parent rights andresponsibilities regarding the education of their wards.Case OneUnited States Supreme CourtPIERCEv.SOCIETY OF SISTERS268 U.S. 510LITIGANTSPlaintiffs-Appellants: Walter Pierce, Governor of OregonIsaac H. Van Winkle, Attorney General of OregonDefendant-Appellee: Society of Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and MaryHill Military AcademyBACKGROUND
On November 7, 1922, the voters in Oregon passed an initiative to amend the CompulsoryEducation Act. The amendment was aimed at creating a common American culture by eliminating anydogmas that may negatively influence the established norms of American society. All children betweenthe ages of eight and sixteen were required to attend public school. Children who were mentally disabled,lived three miles from the nearest road and had already completed the eighth grade were excluded fromattending school. To enforce the law parents who did not send their children to public school were finedand faced 30 days in jail. The initiative also targeted parochial schools, specifically Catholic schools, because the thought was that such parochial schools hindered assimilation. Since the Society of Sistersworked with mainly orphaned and disadvantaged children they challenged the fairness of the Act.
FACTSThe Society of Sisters was an Oregon corporation, organized in 1880, with power to carefor orphans, educate and instruct the youth, establish and maintain academies or schools, andacquire necessary real and personal property. The Society's bill alleges that the enactment2