Matthew Chandler, a spokesperson for the DHS, immediately denounced the Senate report in an interview with Fox News, in which he said that "In preparing the report, the committee refused to review relevant data, including important intelligence information pertinent to their findings," and that the"report fundamentally misunderstands the role of the federal government in supporting fusion centers and overlooks the significant benefits of thisrelationship to both state and local law enforcement and the federal government."
Interviewed about the Senate report, Michael Leiter, former Director of the National Counterterrorism Center, stated that: "Since 9/11, the growth of stateand local fusion centers has been exponential and regrettably in many instances it has produced an ill-planned mishmash rather than a true national systemthat is well-integrated with existing organizations like the FBI-led Joint Terrorism Task Forces."
2009 Virginia terrorism threat assessment
In early April 2009, the Virginia Fusion Center came under criticism for publishing a terrorism threat assessment which stated that certain universities are potential hubs for terror related activity.
The report targeted historically black colleges and identified hacktivism as a form of terrorism.
2011 Illinois fusion center finds water pump was "hacked"; the FBI disagrees
A November 2011 report by the Illinois fusion center was criticized for alleging that Russia hacked and deliberately disabled a water pump of themunicipal water system in Illinois. The Senate report writes: "Apparently aware of how important such an event could have been had it been real, DHSintelligence officials included the false allegations—stated as fact—in a daily intelligence briefing that went to Congress and the intelligence community."A subsequent FBI investigation found however that: "The only fact that they got right was that a water pump in a small Illinois water district had burned out."
Washington State Fusion Center
A lawsuit alleges that a WSFC employee added members of the Port Militarization Resistance to the domestic terrorists list on unsubstantiated grounds.
ADVISECOINTELPROCouncil of GovernorsImplementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007Investigative Data WarehouseLaird v. Tatum Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting InitiativeOpen-source intelligencePRISM (surveillance program)SurveillanceTALON (database)Total Information AwarenessUSA PATRIOT Act
Carter, D. L.; Carter, J. G. (2009). "The Intelligence Fusion Process for State, Local and Tribal Law Enforcement".
Criminal Justice and Behavior
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O'Harrow, R. (October 2, 2012). "DHS ‘fusion centers’ portrayed as pools of ineptitude, civil liberties intrusions" (http://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/dhs-fusion-centers-portrayed-as-pools-of-ineptitude-and-civil-liberties-intrusions/2012/10/02/10014440-0cb1-11e2-bd1a-b868e65d57eb_story.html).
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US Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations (October 3, 2012). "Investigative Report Criticizes Counterterrorism Reporting, Waste at State & LocalIntelligence Fusion Centers" (http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers).3.^
Monahan, T. (2009). "The Murky World of 'Fusion Centres'" (http://torinmonahan.com/papers/FC-CJM.pdf) (pdf).
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(1): 20–21.doi:10.1080/09627250802699715 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080%2F09627250802699715).5.
Harwood, M. "Smashing Intelligence Stovepipes" (http://www.securitymanagement.com/article/smashing-intelligence-stovepipes?page=0%2C1). SecurityManagement. Retrieved 2012-07-13.6.
"Global Intelligence Working Group, 2005a, p. 8" (http://it.ojp.gov/documents/fusion_center_guidelines_law_enforcement.pdf) (pdf). Retrieved 2012-07-13.7.^
Monahan, T.; Palmer, N. A. (2009). "The Emerging Politics of DHS Fusion Centers" (http://torinmonahan.com/papers/FC-SD.pdf) (pdf).
(6): 617–636. doi:10.1177/0967010609350314 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F0967010609350314).8.
Report on Fusion Centers (http://www.democracynow.org/2009/7/28/broadcast_exclusive_declassified_docs_reveal_military) July 29, 2009 Democracy Now9.
Rittgers, David (February 2, 2011). "We’re All Terrorists Now" (http://web.archive.org/web/20110415064139/http://www.cato-at-liberty.org/we%E2%80%99re-all-terrorists-now/). Cato Institute. Archived from the original (http://www.cato-at-liberty.org/we%E2%80%99re-all-terrorists-now/) on 2011-04-15.10.
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