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Published by lildalal
Abuses against Sri Lankan Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates
Abuses against Sri Lankan Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates

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Published by: lildalal on Nov 16, 2009
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11/07/2012

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H U M A NR I G H T SW A T C H
Sri Lanka/Middle East
Exported and Exposed
 Abuses against Sri Lankan Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia,Kuwait, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates
 
November 2007 Volume 19, No. 16(C)
Exported and Exposed
 Abuses against Sri Lankan Domestic Workers inSaudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates
I. Summary...............................................................................................................1
 
Key Recommendations.......................................................................................6
 
II. Background..........................................................................................................9
 
Status of Women and Girls in Sri Lanka..............................................................9
 
“Push Factors” and Sri Lankan Women’s Decisions to Migrate for Work.............11
 
Sri Lankan Women’s Labor Migration to the Middle East....................................15
 
III. Abuses of Prospective Women Migrants in Sri Lanka ........................................18
 
Regulatory Framework in Sri Lanka and the Recruitment Process.......................18
 
Recruitment Fee System and Debt Payments.....................................................22
 
Deception and Lack of Information in Recruitment and Trafficking.....................31
 
Pre-Departure Medical Testing and Coerced Contraception................................38
 
IV. Abuses in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates ..........43
 
Unpaid and Underpaid Wages...........................................................................44
 
Wage Exploitation.............................................................................................50
 
Physical and Psychological Abuse.....................................................................54
 
Sexual Abuse....................................................................................................58
 
Heavy Workload and Excessively Long Work Hours without Rest........................61
 
Food Deprivation and Inadequate Living Conditions..........................................65
 
Confiscation of Passports, Forced Confinement, and Restricted Communication68
 
Prohibitions on Returning Home........................................................................73
 
Forced Labor.....................................................................................................76
 
Exploitative Practices by Labor Agents in the Countries of Employment.............85
 
 
 V. Protection Failures and Obstacles to Effective Redress...................................... 90
 
Government Obligations under International Human Rights Law.......................90
 
Bilateral Labor Agreements...............................................................................92
 
Response of the Sri Lankan Government...........................................................94
 
Pre-Departure Protection Failures.................................................................94
 
Licensing and Regulation of Labor Recruiters and their Subagents.........94
 
Training................................................................................................96
 
Proposed Migration Ban.......................................................................100
 
Sri Lankan Consular Services in Countries of Employment..........................101
 
Inadequate Complaint Mechanisms and Victim Services upon Return to SriLanka........................................................................................................107
 
Response of the Countries of Employment: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, andthe United Arab Emirates................................................................................112
 
Exclusion from Labor Laws.........................................................................112
 
Immigration Regulations.............................................................................115
 
Obstacles to Investigation and Prosecution of Reported Abuses................118
 
 VI. Conclusion and Recommendations.................................................................. 121
 
 VII. Acknowledgments..........................................................................................130
 

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