CHAPTER 1 1.
They have to be able to produce many kinds of functional text and monologue in the form of procedure, descriptive, recount, narrative, and report (Depdiknas, 2006: 278).
According to Tomkins (1994:11), writing a descriptive paragraph is like painting a picture with words.
According to Raimes (1983: 27), picture (such as: drawing, photographs, posters, slides, cartoon, magazines advertisements, diagrams, graphs, tables, charts, and maps) can be evaluated resources for teaching writing. Picture shares experience for the students in class, a common base that leads to a variety of language activities. It can help students improve their language use when writing (grammar and vocabulary).
Raimes states that picture can be the basic for not just one task but many, such as sequence of sentences to the writing of original dialogues, letters, reports, or essays. 5.
to Sadiman (2009: 29-31), picture is (1) concrete, it points out the point of discussion more realistically than any temporary verbal media do. (2) Picture can reduce the border of time and space, (3) it can resolve our observation problem, (4) it can make clearer certain concept in any subject ant for any age, so that it can avoid and correct misunderstanding, (5) it is cheap and easy to use, with no need of using special tools. CHAPTER 2 1.
Rivers (1981: 296) says that writing depends on the mastery of listening comprehension, speaking and reading comprehension. 2.
Harmer (1983: 16) says
Writing is a productive skill
. By productive skill, he means that writing is a skill to produce a sequence of sentences, which are arranged in a particular order and linked together in certain ways. 3.
Byrne (1997: 1) adds that the length of writing is varied. It can be a short writing containing two or three sentences, or more sentences. When they are put in order and are linked together, they form a coherent whole, called as
According to Cross (1955: 268), writing is closely related to reading. The students who read more will write more fluently. What they write is a natural follow up what have been read. 5.
However, writing skill is different from speaking. While all people who are normal physically and mentally can naturally learn to speak, they have to be taught how to write (White in Nunan, 1989: 36).