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Conditionals

Conditionals

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Published by marore

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Published by: marore on Nov 17, 2009
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08/12/2013

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conditional type 0
 
>>
ZERO CONDITIONAL
IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE PRESENTUsed for scientific facts or general truths
 
(usado paraexpresar verdades científicas, hechos que nunca cambian osituaciones que siempre ocurren). Algunos gramáticos incluyeneste tipo de condicional dentro de
FIRST CONDITIONAL
o
Conditional Type I.If you heat butter, it melts.
Si calientas manteca, ésta se derrite.
If you put water in a cooler, it freezes.
Si colocas agua en el congelador, ésta se congela.
If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
Si calientas agua a 100 grados, ésta hierve.
If you cross an international date line, the time changes.
Si cruzas una línea de tiempo internacional, la hora cambia.
If you drop ice in water, it floats.
Si tiras hielo al agua, éste flota.
If iron gets wet, it rusts.
Si el hierro se moja, se oxida.
conditional type I
>>
FIRST CONDITIONAL
Used to talk about things which are possible in the presentor the future.
It is generally used for things which
may happen
(utilizado para cosas que pueden ocurrir en presente o futuro).
a)IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE FUTUREIf you study hard, you will pass your exams.
 
Si estudias intensamente aprobarás tus exámenes.
If we do not protect the panda bears, they will soon becomeextinct.
 
Si no protegemos a los osos panda, pronto se extinguirán.
b)IMPERATIVE + OR
/
AND
 
+ SIMPLE FUTURE
Used for threats and promises
(usado para expresar amenazas y promesas)
Don't say a word about this, or I will kill you.
 
No cuentes una palabra de esto o te mato.
Finish your job, and you will have a bonus.
 
Termina tu tarea y tendrás una gratificación.
c)IMPERATIVO + IF
/
IN CASE + SIMPLE PRESENT
 
Contact me if you need any help.
 
Ponte en contacto conmigo si necesitas ayuda.
Call them in case you need help.
 
Llámalos en caso de necesitar ayuda.
NOTE
: In cases
b
and
d
above, you can replace
IF
(si) by
UNLESS
(a menosque)
 
Object1
conditional type II
 
>>
SECONDCONDITIONAL
 
(utilizado en presente o futuro para expresar situacioneshipotéticas, que normalmente son irreales o imposibles).
Used totalk about things which are unreal (not true or not possible)in the present or the future.
It is generally used for things which
don't
or 
won't happen.
It is generally used for things which
mayhappen
 
IF + SIMPLE PAST + SIMPLE CONDITIONAL
If FIRST verb in the sentence is TO BE, WERE is used for all persons.
 (Si el PRIMER verbo de la oración es TO BE, se usa WERE para todas laspersonas)
If I were rich, I would buy a castle.
Si fuera rico, compraría un castillo.
If I were him, I would go and see a doctor.
Si fuera él -en su lugar- consultaría con un médico.
If elephants had wings, they would be able to fly.
Si los elefantes tuvieran alas, podrían volar.
NOTE
: You can replace
IF
(si) by
UNLESS
(a menos que) in the examplesabove.
 
Object2
conditional type III
 
>>
THIRDCONDITIONAL
Used to talk about unreal situations in the past, that is,things which did not happen in the past.
(utilizado paraexpresar situaciones irreales – que nunca sucedieron – en elpasado y, en general, dentro de un contexto de crítica, queja o
 
remordimiento). En español tienes una construcción similar por lo cual este condicional no debería resultar complicado.
IF + PAST PERFECT + CONDITIONAL PERFECT
If FIRST verb in the sentence is TO BE, WERE is used for all persons.
 (Si el PRIMER verbo de la oración es TO BE, se usa WERE para todas laspersonas)
If I had known that you were sick, I would have gone to seeyou.
Si hubiese sabido que estabas enfermo, te habría ido a ver.
The real situation was that I didn't know you were sick. So I say
If I hadknown...
When you are talking about the past, you use the Past Perfect (
I hadknown
) after 
IF
.
If you had saved your money, you could have bought alaptop.
Si hubieses ahorrado tu dinero, podrías haberte comprado unacomputadora.
The real situation was that you didn't save your money. So they say
If you hadsaved...
When you are talking about the past, you use the Past Perfect (
I hadknown
) after 
IF
.
If you hadn't been late for work so often, they wouldn't havefired you.
Si no hubieses llegado tarde al trabajo tan seguido, no te habríandespedido.
The real situation was that you wasn't early for work. So they say
If you hadn'tbeen late...
When you are talking about the past, you use the Past Perfect (
Ihad known
) after 
IF
.
NOTE
: You can replace
IF
(si) by
UNLESS
(a menos que) in the examplesabove.
Escribe correctamente el tiempo verbal y comprueba las respuestas.
a) If you (watch) the documentary carefully, you wouldn't have asked that question.
 b) If you (wear) this wig, nobody would have recognized you.
c) If you go to Spain, where (you stay) ?
d) I wouldn't have brought jumper if I (know) that it was not cold.
e) I'll get lost if you (not go) with me.
f) We'll have to go to the shop if we (run out) of sugar here.
g) What (you do) if you heard the alarm?
Las condicionales
Tipo I
a)
if + simple present + simple present
 ( Se usa para expresar verdades científicas. ) b)
if + simple present + simple future
.

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