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Lawsuit by Lehman Brothers Estate Against Barclays Capital

Lawsuit by Lehman Brothers Estate Against Barclays Capital

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Published by DealBook
Lawsuit by Lehman Brothers' bankrupt estate against Barclays Capital, accusing the British firm of improperly pocketing $5 billion in assets when it bought the bulk of the investment bank's North American operations.
Lawsuit by Lehman Brothers' bankrupt estate against Barclays Capital, accusing the British firm of improperly pocketing $5 billion in assets when it bought the bulk of the investment bank's North American operations.

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Categories:Business/Law, Finance
Published by: DealBook on Nov 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/24/2012

 
 
NYI-4230521v1
 JONES DAY222 East 41st StreetNew York, New York 10017Telephone: (212) 326-3939Facsimile: (212) 755-7306Robert W. GaffeyJayant W. TambeWilliam J. HineAttorneys for Debtorand Debtor in Possession
UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURTSOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
--------------------------------------------------------------- In re:LEHMAN BROTHERS HOLDINGS INC.,
et al.,
 Debtors.---------------------------------------------------------------X:::::::X:Chapter 11Case No. 08-13555 (JMP)(Jointly Administered)LEHMAN BROTHERS HOLDINGS INC.,Plaintiff,v.BARCLAYS CAPITAL, INC.,Defendant.
 
---------------------------------------------------------------:::::::::XAdv. Proc. No. 09-_____ (JMP)
ADVERSARY COMPLAINT
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (“LBHI” or “Debtor” and, collectively with itsdebtor and non-debtor affiliates, “Lehman”), by and through its undersigned counsel, as and forits Complaint against defendant Barclays Capital Inc. (“Barclays”) alleges, on information andbelief as follows:
 
 - 2 -
NYI-4230521v1
 
INTRODUCTION
1.
 
Prior to its bankruptcy, the family of Lehman companies constituted oneof the largest investment banks in the world. Lehman’s businesses included its North Americanbroker-dealer operations, as well as other businesses and assets located around the globe. OnSeptember 15, 2008, LBHI commenced a voluntary proceeding under title 11 of the UnitedStates Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”), and other Lehman entities filed for bankruptcy shortlythereafter. Lehman Brothers Inc. (“LBI”) filed its bankruptcy proceeding on September 19,2008. LBI was the entity through which Lehman operated its North American broker-dealerbusiness.
 
2.
 
Right after LBHI’s bankruptcy filing, certain Barclays and Lehmanexecutives began negotiations for Barclays’ purchase of Lehman’s North American broker-dealer business and related support systems and assets as well as key pieces of real estate,including the flagship Lehman building at 745 Broadway, New York City. Barclays ultimatelypurchased these assets in a sale transaction negotiated, approved and executed within the span of  just a few days (the “Sale Transaction”).
 
The Court approved the Sale Transaction shortly aftermidnight on September 20, 2008, and the deal closed on Monday, September 22, 2008, just aweek after LBHI had filed for bankruptcy and just three days after LBI’s bankruptcy filing.3.
 
Since then, Lehman has learned (after taking Court-ordered Rule 2004discovery) that, contrary to the terms expressed in the deal documents and the disclosures to theCourt about the Sale Transaction, the Sale Transaction was secretly structured from the outset togive Barclays an immediate and enormous windfall profit. Certain Lehman executives knew, butdid not reveal to others in Lehman management or to Lehman’s attorneys, that Lehmannegotiators had agreed to give Barclays an undisclosed $5 billion discount off the book value of the assets transferred to Barclays, and later agreed to undisclosed transfers of billions more in so-
 
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NYI-4230521v1
 called “additional value” that Barclays demanded for no additional consideration. This windfallto Barclays was not disclosed to the Boards of Directors of LBHI or LBI (the “Lehman Boards”).It was not disclosed to all Lehman executives involved in the Sale Transaction. It was notdisclosed to Lehman’s counsel charged with documenting the deal and describing it to the Court.It was not disclosed to the Court when the Sale Transaction was submitted for approval. And itwas not approved by the Court.4.
 
All disclosures made to the Lehman Boards and to the Court indicated thedeal would be essentially a “wash” as to assets with Barclays paying full equivalent value for theassets sold. The Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”) submitted to theCourt for approval expressly stated that certain securities, a component of the purchase price,being sold to Barclays had a “book value” of about $70 billion as of September 16, 2008 when,in fact, this was a negotiated price and the book value of the securities was between $5 and $7billion higher. In addition, in the days that followed the submission of the Sale Transaction tothe Court, the deal was modified in material ways, also to Barclays benefit, but the discount, andthe modification, remained undisclosed.5.
 
For example, by Friday, September 19, 2008, when the Court’s SaleHearing commenced, certain Lehman officers involved in the Sale Transaction had alreadydecided to deliver the undisclosed discount to Barclays by terminating a repurchase agreemententered into between Lehman’s broker-dealer, LBI, and Barclays on September 18, 2008 (the“Repurchase Agreement”), thus enabling Barclays to keep approximately $5 to $7 billion inexcess collateral, over and above the amount Barclays had advanced in the RepurchaseAgreement. It was never disclosed to the Lehman Boards or the Court that the RepurchaseAgreement had thus been transformed from a temporary financing device for Lehman’s broker-

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