of Homeland Security (DHS).
SCAAP was authorized by the Violent CrimeControl and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 to provide federal assistance tostates and localities for the costs of incarcerating certain criminal aliens whoare in custody based on state or local charges or convictions.
In fiscal year(FY) 2005, BJA distributed $287.1 million in SCAAP payments to 752 state,county, and local jurisdictions.
The following table displays the 10 jurisdictions that received thelargest SCAAP payments from the FY 2005 appropriation. Collectively, theyaccounted for nearly 69 percent of the SCAAP payments made from thatappropriation.
TOP TEN SCAAP RECIPIENTS – FY 2005State Jurisdiction Amount
CaliforniaState of California
$ 85,953,191New York State of New York 24,022,356Texas State of Texas 18,582,484New York City of New York 15,893,255Florida State of Florida 12,806,110CaliforniaLos Angeles County
12,530,034Arizona State of Arizona 12,139,791California Orange County 6,562,437Illinois State of Illinois 4,731,269Massachusetts State of Massachusetts 4,728,549TOTAL $197,949,476Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)
Although 752 jurisdictions received SCAAP payments from the FY 2005appropriation, the vast majority of them received relatively small amounts.The following chart summarizes the number of recipients by dollar amount.
Prior to creation of the DHS in 2003, the functions currently performed by ICEwere performed by the Immigration and Naturalization Service, which at the time was partof DOJ.
Public Law No. 103-322 (1994).
FY 2005 is the most recent year for which payment information was available. SeeAppendix III for payment information for FYs 2005 and 2004.
When we define a jurisdiction as the “state,” we are referring to the statedepartment of corrections. We are not including all the counties and municipalities withinthe state that may have separately received SCAAP payments.
This refers to the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department.
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