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Buddhism Was First Founded in India Around 500 B

Buddhism Was First Founded in India Around 500 B

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Published by: UMBREEN on Mar 12, 2008
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Buddhism was first founded in India around 500 B.C. by Buddha. It is the dominantreligious force in most of Asia ( China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam,Pakistan and Tibet). Today,there are about 300 million followers. The Buddhists faith rests in Buddha, his teachings(dharma), and the religious community that was founded (sangha). Buddha's real name isSiddartha Gautama. Siddartha means "every wish fulfilled." He was born in 563 B.C. inthe small republic of Sakka, Southern Nepal. He was born to a ruler and later traditionsaw him as the son of a king. His father's name was King Suddhodana, and his mother'sname was Queen Maya. One week after Gautama was born, his mother died. It was saidthat he enjoyed life and was given the best possible education. He was showered with theluxuries of living. Gautama became overwhelmed with the conviction that his life wasfilled with suffering and unhappiness; therefore, he began to take interest in religious and philosophical thoughts. There were two things that may have caused his spiritualtendencies. One may have been the loss of his mother at birth and the other may have been the position of the weak Sakya kingdom which was about to be taken over by its powerful neighboring enemies. Gautama married a beautiful princess named Yasodharaand had a son named Rahula. He fulfilled his duty by bringing an heir into the world.While on his way to a park, he saw a saffron robed Samana with a shaven head and a
 
calm demeanor. That sight inspired him to adopt that kind of life-style. On his twentyninth birthday, his conviction led to the abandonment of his wife and son to seek religiousenlightenment as a monk.That time was known as the Great Renunciation, because in old Japanese culture leavingtheir wife or getting a divorce was considered taboo. The choice of dedicating himself tothe world rather than his family may be the most significant sacrifice he ever made. Hisrenunciation of family life stands as a symbolic precedent for the monastic life of Buddhist monks and nuns. He joined the spiritual teachers of his time, mastered their disciplines, and relentlessly practiced asceticism. He felt, however, that none of theseefforts could--nor would--open the path to enlightenment. Six years later, after his bodywas exhausted, he realized that asceticism was meaningless. He was free after renouncing both his family life and the ascetic practices. He traveled to Buddhagaya and sat under aBodhi tree. With the sharpness of insight accessible only in the middle way of meditation,he penetrated into the true nature of things. He discovered why people were suffering andalso found a way of escaping it. The people from then on called him "Buddha," whichmeans the Enlightened One. After becoming known as Buddha, he returned to his family,taught them and took his son under him as a monk. Gautama sought out teachers fromwhat he could learn spiritual techniques and master their teachings. He then inquired after the meditation state on which they were based on. Buddha gave his first sermon atBenares to five ascetic monks who had practiced with him earlier. That is called the
 
turning wheel of Dharma. Following that initial conversation, he traveled throughoutnorthern India for 45 years teaching the rich and the poor, the powerful and the lowly, the beggars and the sages with deep compassion for all and with tempered wisdom and coollogic. He passed away peacefully at the age of 80 in Kusinagara. One interesting thing inGautama's life is that he was born under a tree, he achieved enlightenment under theBodhi ("tree of wisdom") tree, and gave his first sermon in an animal park, and he died between two trees.
ITINERARY:DAY 1 : LAHORE
Arrival at Lahore Air port ( by Singapore Air lines, Thai Air lines, PIA ,Emirates etc ) .Reception by our representative and transfer to Hotel Holiday Inn ****. Welcome drink.Evening at leisure to exlplore the Moghal's Bazar, Anar Kali Bazar etc. Over night inHotel.
DAY 2 : PESHAWAR 
After breakfast move to Peshawar via motorway. Peshawar or Pushpapur was the land of Buddhist Pilgrimage for Chinese, Tibitians, Koreans and Indians when the Buddhism wasat its peak in the days of the Kushan Emperor Kanishka who ruled in AD 78.We stop for tea and to take photographs of 600 million old salt range. After lunch move to see theCultural Heritage Museum, Shakir Parian , Daman e Koh, and World Biggest MosqueThe Shah Faisal Mosque. Continue to Peshawar via Grand Trunk Road constructed bySher Shah Suri in 16 century AD from Kabul to Calcutta. Transfer to Hotel Greens.Evening at leisure to explore oriantal carpets and handicraft shops in Saddar Bazar. Over night in hotel.
DAY 3 : PESHAWAR 
After breakfast visit the Peshawar Museum formely the Victoria Memorial Hall built in1905 which has the most extensive collection of Gandhara Art in the world .The

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