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Metal stocks in society: scientific synthesis - Summary (Japanese)

Metal stocks in society: scientific synthesis - Summary (Japanese)

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Published by: United Nations Environment Programme on May 28, 2014
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社会における鉱物資源評価:
金属の社会蓄積量とリサイクル率
 
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copyright © United Nations Environmental Programme, 2011 Editor: International Resource Panel, Working Group on the Global Metal FlowsLead author of both reports is T. E. Graedel. This summary booklet was prepared by T. E. Graedel, M. Buchert, B. K. Reck, and G. Sonnemann.Scientific advice: Öko-Institut e. V.The first report on metal stocks in society is a rewritten and enhanced version based on M. D. Gerst and T. E. Graedel, Environmental Science & Technology, 42, 7038–7045, 2008. Parts of it were developed at a workshop held August 15–16, 2008, with the following participants: Thomas Graedel, Yale University, USA, coordinator; A. Dubreuil, Natural Resources Canada; Michael Gerst, Dartmouth College; Seiji Hashimoto, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Yuichi Moriguchi, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Daniel Müller, Norwegian University of Science and Technol-ogy; Claudia Pena, CIMM, Chile; Jason Rauch, Yale University, USA; Thompson Sinkala, School of Mines, Zambia; and Guido Sonnemann, UNEP, France.Portions of the report on recycling rates of metals have ap-peared in the Journal of Industrial Ecology article by Graedel et al. (2011): “What Do We Know About Metal Recycling Rates? Authors of the second report report are T. E. Graedel, Yale University, USA, Julian Allwood, Cambridge University, UK, Jean-Pierre Birat, Arcelor-Mittal, France, Matthias Buchert, Öko-Institut, Germany, Christian Hagelüken, Umicore Precious Metals Refining, Germany/Belgium;, Barbara K. Reck, Yale University, USA, Scott F. Sibley, US Geological Survey (USGS), USA, and Guido Sonnemann, UNEP, FranceGuido Sonnemann, UNEP, supervised the preparation of this report and provided valuable input and comments.Thanks go to Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker and Ashok Khosla as co-chairs of the Resource Panel, the members of the Resource Panel and the Steering Committee for fruitful discussions. Additional comments of a technical nature were received from some governments participating in the Steering Committee.Helpful comments were received from several anonymous reviewers in two peer review processes coordinated in an efficient and constructive way by respectively by Lea Kauppi and Yvan Hardy together with the Resource Panel Secretariat. The preparation of this report also benefitted from discussions with many colleagues at various meetings, although the main responsibility for errors will remain with the authors. Photos: istockphoto.de: © James Whittaker (cover_1, p. 3), © Jonceclearvision (cover_2, p. 5), © Milos Peric (cover_3, p. 5), © JDNY59 (cover_4, p. 5), © Marco Hegener (cover_5, p. 5, p. 22_2); © Pete Saloutos (cover_6, p. 13_2), © Huchen Lu (p. 2, p. 10, p. 11, p. 13_9), © Joerg Reimann (p. 9), © HeleM (p. 12), © Sam Faltenbergs (p. 13_1, p. 16), © Dieter Spears (p. 13_3), © Ralph125 (p. 13_4), © Therry Wilson (p. 13_5), © Yonra Pechkin (p. 13_7, p. 20_3), © gerenme (p. 13_8, p. 20_1), © Prill Mediende-sign & Fotografie (p. 14), © Mike Clarke (p. 17_1),© Peter van Vuuren (p. 17_2), © Sheldunov Andrey (p. 18), © Huguette Roe (p. 19, p. 20_2, p. 20_4, p. 28_1), © Christopher Pollack (p. 22_1), © Peter Zelei (p. 22_3), © Rob Belknap (p. 26_2), © Adam Kazmierski (p. 29_1), © Kyu Oh (p. 29_2), © Thadford (p. 31). De-gussa (p. 24). Shutterstock © Tobias Machhaus (p. 26). Umicore (p. 27). Öko-Institut e. V. (p. 13_6, p. 28_2).Design and creativ concept: www.3fdesign.deDisclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations Environment Programme concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Moreover, the views expressed do not necessarily represent the decisionor the stated policy of the United Nations Environment Programme, nor does citing of trade names or commercial processes con-stitute endorsement.ISBN number 978-92-807-3182-0Job Number DTI/1382/PAUNEP promotes environmentally sound practices globally and in its own activities. This publication is printed on FSC-certified paper with 80 % recycled fibre, using eco-friendly practices. Our distribution policy aims to reduce UNEP’s carbon footprint.
謝 辞
 
copyright © United Nations Environmental Programme, 2011編集持続可能な資源管理に関する国際パネルグローバルな金属フロー作業部会両報告書の代表執筆者はT.E. Graedelである。この要約版はT.E. Graedel、M. Buchert、B.K. ReckおよびG. Sonnemannが作成した。科学的助言:エコ研究所最初の、金属の社会蓄積量に関する報告書は、Environmental Science & Technology42,7038-7045,2008に掲載されたM.D. GerstおよびT.E. Graedelの論文を書き改めた改訂版である。その一部は2008年8月15∼16日に開かれたワークショップで練り上げられた。このワークショップの参加者は、T. E. Graedel(米イェール大学、コーディネーター)、A.Dubreuil(カナダ天然資源省)、Michael Gerst(ダートマス大学)、橋本征二(日本、国立環境研究所、森口祐一(日本国立環境研究所)、Daniel Müller(ノルウェー科学技術大学、Claudia Pena(チ、Jason Rauch(米Thompson Sinkala(ザンビア鉱山大学校、Guido Sonnemann(フランス、UNEPである金属リサイクル率に関する報告書は、Journal of Industrial Ecology文、Graedelほ(2011)What Do We Know About Metal Recycling Rates?で発表されたものである。この2番目の報告書の執筆者は、T.E. Graedel(米イェール大学)、Julian Allwood(英、Jean-Pierre Birat(フランス、アルセロール・ミッタル、Matthias Buchert(ドイツ、エコ研究所Chirstian Hagelüken(ユミコア・プレシャス・メタルズ・リファイニング、ドイツ/ベルギー)、Barbara K. Reck(米イェール大学)、Scot F. Sibley(米調(USGS、Guido Sonnemann(フス、UNEP)であるGuido Sonnemann(UNEP)は本報告書の作成の進捗管理を行い、貴重な意見とコメントを提供してくれた。資源パネル共同議長のErnst U. von WeizsäckerとAshok Khosla、国際資源パネルのメンバーならびに同パネル運営委員の方々による有意義な論議に感謝する。運営委員会に参加する各国政府関係者からも、さらに技術的なコメントをいただいた。2回にわたる査読で、匿名の評者数人から貴重な意見を頂戴した。この査読プロセスは、それぞれLea KauppiとYvan Hardyが資源パネル事務局と協力しながら、効率的かつ建設的な調整を進めていただいた。本報告書の作成は、さまざまな会合における多くの仲間との議論からの恩恵も受けているが、誤りに関する主たる責任は著者らに帰するものである。Photos:istockphoto.de:©James Whittaker(cover_1, p.3©Jonceclearvision(cover_2, p.5©Milos Peric(cover_3, p.5©JDNY59(cover_4, p.5、©Marco Hegener(cover_5, p.5, p.22_2©Pete Saloutos(cover_6, p.13_2©Huchen Lu(p.2, p.10, p.11, p.13_9、©Joerg Reimann(p.9、©HeleM(p.12©Sam Faltenbergs(p.13_1, p.16、©Dieter Spears(p.13_3©Ralph125(p.13_4、©Therry Wilson(p.13_5、©Yonra Pechkin(p.13_7,p.20_3、©gerenme(p.13_8, p.20_1、©Prill MediendesignFotografie(p.14、©Mike Clarke(p.17_1©Peter vanVuuren(p.17_2、©Sheldunov Andrey(p.18©Huguette Roe(p.19, p.20_2, p.20_4, p.28_1、©Christopher Pollack(p.22_1、©Peter Zelei(p.22_3、©Rob Belknap(p.26_2、©AdamKazmierski(p.29_1、©Kyu Oh(p.29_2©Thadford(p.31. Degussa(p.24. Shutterstock ©Tobias Machhaus(p.26. Umicore(p.27. Öko-Institut e.V.(p.13_6, p.28_2.Design and creative concept:www.3fdesign.deDisclaimer:The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations Environment Programme concerning the legal status of any country, territory,city or area or of its authorities, or concerning delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Moreover, the views expressed do not necessarily represent the decisionor the stated policy of the United Nations Environment Programme, nor does citing of trade names or commercial processes constitute endorsement. ISBN number:978-92-807-3182-0Job Number:DTI/1382/PAUNEPは、環境上適正な慣行を全世界で、また自らの活動においても推進しています。この出版物は、リサイクル繊維を80%含むFSC認証用紙に、環境に優しい方法で印刷してある。UNEPは文書配布方針に基づき、カーボン・フットプリントの削減を目標としています。 (訳注:原文和訳をそのまま記載)
 
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以下に掲載する内容は、グローバルな金属フロー作業部会が初めて発表した下記2つの報告書の要約版である。
金属の社会蓄積量:科学的総合報告書金属のリサイクル率:状況報告書
報告書全文のCD-ROM版もある(本要約版の裏表紙に添付(訳注:原文和訳をそのまま記載)

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