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Gas Dynamics-Shock Waves

Gas Dynamics-Shock Waves

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Published by Rahul
Gas Dynamics and Propulsion
BY Dr.G.KUMARESAN,
PROFESSOR,
ANNA UNIVERSITY
Gas Dynamics and Propulsion
BY Dr.G.KUMARESAN,
PROFESSOR,
ANNA UNIVERSITY

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Published by: Rahul on Nov 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/21/2013

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Shock Wave
GDJPAnna University
Review:
Ø
Ithasbeenobservedformanyyearsthatacompressiblefluidundercertainconditionscanexperienceanabruptchangeofstate.
Ø
Familiarexamplesarethephenomenaassociatedwithdetonationwaves,explosions,andthewavesystemformedatthenoseofaprojectilemovingwithasupersonicspeed.
Ø
Inallofthosecasesthewavefrontisverysteepandthereisalargepressureriseintraversingthewave,whichistermedashockwave.Herewewillstudytheconditionsunderwhichshockwavesdevelopandhowtheyaffecttheflow.
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Normal Shock
GDJPAnna University
Introduction:
Ø
Bydefinition,anormalshockwaveisashockwavethatisperpendiculartotheflow.
Ø
Becauseofthelargepressuregradientintheshockwave,thegasexperiencesalargeincreaseinitsdensityanddecreaseinitsvelocity.
Ø
Theflowissupersonicaheadofthenormalshockwaveandsubsonicaftertheshockwave.
Ø
Sincetheshockwaveisamoreorlessinstantaneouscompressionofthegas,itcannotbeareversibleprocess.
Ø
Becauseoftheirreversibilityoftheshockprocess,thekineticenergyofthegasleavingtheshockwaveissmallerthanthatforanisentropicflowcompressionbetweenthesamepressurelimits.
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Cont..
GDJPAnna University
Ø
Thereductioninthekineticenergybecauseoftheshockwaveappearsasaheatingofthegastoastatictemperatureabovethatcorrespondingtotheisentropiccompressionvalue.
Ø
Consequently,inflowingthroughtheshockwave,thegasexperiencesadecreaseinitsavailableenergyand,accordingly,anincreaseinitsentropy.
Ø
Ashockwaveisaverythinregion,itsthicknessisintheorderofm.
Ø
Theflowisadiabaticacrosstheshockwaves.
810
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